Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
Western (60,000)
PSYCH (7,000)
Lecture 5

Psychology 2075 Lecture 5: Attraction


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2075
Professor
Chris Roney
Lecture
5

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Attraction)&)Love))
Attraction!
Attraction*similarity!hypothesis:!people!tend!to!develop!romantic!relationships!with!those!whose!levels!
of!physical!attractiveness!and!other!traits!are!similar!to!their!own!!
!Physical)attractiveness!is!a!more!important!criterion!for!men!than!women!!
!95%!of!Canadians!choose!partners!from!their!own!racial!backgrounds!!
!!
LECTURE!
Determinants-of-Physical-Attractiveness!
Culture!!
!Body!size!!
!Western,!European,!North!American!!
o!For!women,!thin!is!beautiful!and!attractive!!
!!
Fallon!and!Rozin!!
!Study!of!college!students!(men!and!women)!
!Asked!them!how!attractive!they!would!find!the!body!to!be!!
!4!ratings!on!each!
!Top!**>!women's!body!
o!Current!(self*perception)!around!the!midpoint!(being!thin!and!breast!size)!
o!Difference!between!attractive!and!current!displays!dissatisfaction!
o!Women!think!thin!bodies!are!attractive!and!wish!they!had!thinner!bodies!
!Bottom!**>!men's!body!
o!Men's!ratings!are!close!to!the!midpoint!!
o!Not!a!huge!discrepancy!in!men's!perceptions!of!thinness!
!Women!more!then!men!internalizing!the!idea!that!being!thin!is!more!attractive!!
!!
Swami!et!al!
!Showed!to!10!different!geographical!regions!
!Average!rating!of!attractiveness!of!line!drawings!!
!Ratings!from!2nd!most!thin!!
o!Significant!sex!difference!!
o!North!America/Western!Europe:!Women!see!it!as!more!attractive!!
o!Africa/Southeast!Asia:!smaller!difference!between!men!and!women!!
!!
Swami!et!al!!
!Men's!ratings!of!average!rating!of!attractiveness!of!line!drawings!!
!Malaysia,!South!Africa!!
o!Urban!vs.!Rural!
!When!you!get!to!heavier!bodies,!rural!sees!it!as!more!attractive!!
!Culturally!specific!*!media!influences!urban!making!women!want!to!be!more!thin!!
!Nutrition!in!the!population!!
o!People!struggling!to!get!food!=!lack!of!health!!
o!Nelson!and!Morrison!(2005)!
!At!the!cafeteria!at!the!University!!
!Men!being!asked!to!rate!female!bodies!!
!When!people!go!into!cafeteria!hungry,!rated!larger!bodies!as!more!attractive!!

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

!After!they!had!eaten,!thinner!bodies!were!more!attractive!to!them!!
!!
Do-Opposites-Attract?!
!No!!
!Majority!of!us!have!partners!from!our!own!backgrounds!b/c!of!propinquity!(proximity)!
o!Similar!attitudes!and!tastes!is!a!key!contributor!!
!Women!more!likely!to!place!a!greater!weight!on!similar)attitudes)as!a!determinant!for!attraction!!
!!
Reciprocity:!mutual!exchange!
!Determinant!of!attraction!!
!We!tend!to!be!more!warm!and!helpful!when!we!are!with!strangers!who!like!us!
!!
Physical-Attractiveness!
!Major!determinant!of!interpersonal!and!sexual!attraction!!
!!
LECTURE!
How-Important-Is-Physical-Attractiveness?!
Sex!Differences!!
!Men!look!more!at!physical!attractiveness!
!Women!look!at!other!factors!such!as!being!good!providers,!status,!earning!potential!
!!
Walster!et!al!!
!Took!a!group!of!664!college!students!
!Stage!1!
o!Filled!out!questionnaires!(measures!of!personality,!physical!attractiveness)!!
o!Took!a!picture!of!everyone!!
!Stage!2!
o!Go!to!a!party!with!a!date!that!was!randomly!assigned!to!them!
o!Researchers!gave!each!participant!a!questionnaire!to!see!if!they!like!their!date!!
!Correlation!coefficient!!
o!Positive!relationship!!
o!Higher!the!ratings!of!physical!attractiveness,!then!you!are!more!likely!to!like!them!as!a!date!
and!want!to!go!out!with!them!again!!
o!Solid!prediction!for!both!men!and!women!!
!Objective!attractiveness!ratings!!!
o!Agreed!upon!attractiveness!!
!Subjective!attractiveness!rating!!
o!Own!perceptions!of!how!physically!attractive!that!person!is!
o!"eye!of!the!beholder"!
!My!taste!vs.!your!taste!!
!!
Montoya!1998!
!Everyone!in!the!study!was!in!a!relationship!!
!Do!you!think!your!partner!is!above!average!in!attractiveness?!
o!100%!agreed!!
o!85%!thought!their!partners!were!in!the!top!30%!
!Subjective!ratings!are!bias!!
!!
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version