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Lecture 18

Psychology 2075 Lecture 18: LECTURE 18 human sexuality

Course Code
PSYCH 2075
Chris Roney

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Human Sexuality
Paraphilic disorders vs. paraphilic behaviour
- Paraphilia: problematic disorders
- The DSM has separated it by behaviour and disorder
- Behaviour is not clinically problematic, while a disorder is
- Ahlers et al (2011): recorded 367 men in Germany and found the percent reporting fantasy, actual behaviour
related to ariat seual ehaiours paraphili ehaiours
Fetishism: 30% reported fantasy, 25% reported behavioural surprisingly high
Out of the disorders that involve nonconsent, people with voyeurism had the highest behaviour
and fantasy rates
This could be an underestimate because these disorders are not socially acceptable
- Has to do with being sexually aroused by objects
- Most common fetish is a foot and shoe fetishes (people being attracted to feet specifically) partialism
- Media fetish: fetish to a specific type of material
- Form fetish: do’t are hat it is ade out of
- Transvestitism: is now considered a fetish. They derive sexual pleasure from wearing opposite sex clothing
- Kleptomania: mainly women, and is when they are sexually aroused by the act of going to stores and stealing
- Ebbing (1886): wrote about shoe fetishes. A couple came to his office and the problem was that the man is a
paraphilic disorder shoe fetish. He could not become sexually aroused without having shoes present
- How does this happen?
1. How do objects become sexualized?
o Classical conditioning: take an existing stimulus-response pairing and you change the pairing
o During masturbation and fantasy, an object can become paired with sexual pleasure if its
always there (accidental)
o Mainly develops during adolescence
2. How does it become so extreme?
o Tend to be people when they were young, were not socially skilled
o Fetish item becomes a replacement for a person
- Weinberg et al: studied people ith foot fetishes ad foud soe ere proleati, ut soe ere’t. the
asked what age they first developed sexual interest in feet
Average age was 12
80% said they incorporated fetishes in their sexual fantasies because it is part of their pleasure
Courtship disorders
- Exhibitionism: people who become sexually aroused when showing people their genitals. The vast majority are
not dangerous
- Voyeurism: people who like to observe people or watch people have sex. The thrill for them seems to be that
the do it i priate athig people he the do’t ko
- Frotteurism: public touching for sexual gratification. Most common place for it to happen is a crowded subway
- Abel et al (1987): surveyed samples of exhibitionists and frotteurists and asked them how many people they
Exhibitionist average = 513
Frotteurist average = 901
- There’s a high o-occurrence between these 3 disorders. People who do one are very likely to do another
- Pedophiles are likely to engage in all 3 as well
- Compulsiveness they get arrested but keep doing it
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