Psychology 2075 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Sex And The Law, Hypersexuality, Sexual Coercion

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Published on 24 Mar 2017
Department
Professor
Human Sexuality
LECTURE 19
SEXUAL COERCION
Sexual abuse of childrenpedophiles
- Unwanted sexual contact with young people
- Anyone charged with a sex crime against a minor is called a pedophile, which is not correct
- Pedophilia: involves intense and persistent sexual interest in prepubescent children
- Vast majority are male
- Canadian survey (1997): asked people if they have ever been sexually abused, and asked who the perpetrator
was
Of the people who said they had been sexually abused, 97% said it was by a man
- The vast majority of studies look at someone who is charged with some sort of sexual abuse charge, and survey
them asking if they have been abused when they were young
- Jespersen et al (2009): a meta-analysis of 17 studies of people charged with sexual abuse
People who have been charged are more likely who have been sexually abused themselves
compared to the comparison group
Abuse rates are higher among the sexual abusers than among convicted rapists or people
convicted of sexual assault
In all of the studies, the numbers are never half (big range)
Issueself-report bias
- Leach et al (2015): they got all of the criminal records in Australia of people who have been charged with various
sex crimes. They also have the police records of the people who have been abused so they can match them up.
They wanted to see if more of them were flagged when they were younger from abused
There is no evidence for this hypothesis
Of the people who are charged with sex crimes against minors, only 3% were in the database for
having been abused when they were young
Issuehat gets reported s hat does’t
- Lack of social skills, persistency
- Correlates with hypersexuality
- Miner et al (2010): compare people who have been charged with a sex crime with a youth victim, people who
have been charged with a sex crime with an adult victim, and people who have been charged with non sex
crimes. They measured hypersexuality and sociosexuality
People who were convicted with a sex crime with a youth victim had highest rates of
hypersexuality, lowest rates of sociosexuality
People with non-sex crimes had the highest rate of sociosexuality
- Police reports show that pedophiles are not aggressive people
They describe them has tentative and seductive
- Ward et al (1996): looked at social attachment styles and the people convicted of non-sex crimes, rape, and child
abuse
People convicted of child abuse had the highest rates of anxious attachment
People convicted of rape had the highest rates of avoidant attachment
- Pedophiles who abuse boys are more likely to re-offend
Child sexual abuse
- Rates of recorded cases in the US:
1975 = 2000
1980 = 23,000
1986 = 130,000
- Finkelhor (1990): percent of women reporting abuse as children
Highest rates were women aged 18-49
- Very under reported in the 1970s
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Anyone charged with a sex crime against a minor is called a pedophile, which is not correct. Canadian survey (1997): asked people if they have ever been sexually abused, and asked who the perpetrator. Pedophilia: involves intense and persistent sexual interest in prepubescent children was: of the people who said they had been sexually abused, 97% said it was by a man. The vast majority of studies look at someone who is charged with some sort of sexual abuse charge, and survey them asking if they have been abused when they were young. In all of the studies, the numbers are never half (big range) Leach et al (2015): they got all of the criminal records in australia of people who have been charged with various sex crimes. They also have the police records of the people who have been abused so they can match them up.

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