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Lecture 20

Psychology 2075 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Hostile Work Environment, Work Function

Course Code
PSYCH 2075
Chris Roney

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Human Sexuality
Sexual assault/rape
- Rape example
Woe sa o ut ea es
- Certain kinds of women ask for sexual assault/rape
- One thing that changed from 50 years ago = sex difference
- Many different countries around the world still have beliefs of blaming women for sexual violence
- Lottes & Weinberg (1996): comparison of students in the US and Sweden (Sweden chosen because men and
women are seen more equal). Both studies were done on college students
Experienced some form of physical abuse was higher in the US
Both general aggression by men towards women
There is a combined issue of cultural and gender coercion
- United Nations: reported rape/sexual assault rates for selected countries
Sweden: almost 3 times higher
Canada: very low
India: very low should be higher
South Africa: very high
- How are these laws enacted and carried out?
In 2005, Sweden changed their legal definition of rapepolice had to carefully scrutinize each
case (make it an easy environment for women to come forward)
Across Canada the average unfounded rate is 19%
The US has a rate of 7%
Sexual harassment
- Issues in the work place
- 2 sets of issues
1. University professor asks out an undergraduate who is currently enrolled in his/her course
power difference, penalties more severe
2. Hostile work environment
anything making you uncomfortable in the work place (penalties include being fired)
- Judges use the reasonable person criteria would it be reasonable for the average person to find the
environment hostile?
- The US used the reasonable women criteria what would be offensive to a reasonable woman rather than a
man? (stopped using this law)
- Not only the people who commit sexual harassment, but also depends on the organizations they are apart of
- Angus Reid Canadian Survey: random phone call survey and asked questions about what things were acceptable
in the workplace
Men were more likely than women to say it is acceptable
Women more sensitive to issues
- 2nd Angus Reid Canadian Survey: have you ever been subject to sexual harassment or unwanted contact in your
workplace or at work function?
28% of Canadians experience some sort of sexual harassment in the workplace
14% of unwanted contact
Women experience sexual harassment more than men (43%, 20% unwanted)
Happens to men as well, but there are lower rates
Police/military is extremely high
- Sexually explicit material for arousal purposes
find more resources at
find more resources at
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