Psychology 2075 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Electromyography, Menopause, Bisexuality
69 views13 pages
Human Sexuality - Lecture 3 - Research Methods
● Researcher: The permissiveness questionnaire provides information about the
attitudes and beliefs of university students in Ontario
● Is this correct?
○ No, there is certain limitations
● Why or why not?
○ Many students come to university at different ages
○ Many may have experience or not
How do we know?
● How do we know what we know?
○ Personal experience
● Where do we get our information?
● Is this information accurate?
● Media impact —we are bombarded with sex studies in the media
● How do we determine whether a study is reliable? Or whether the study was carried
● Important to develop a critical eye...
● Why research?
○ Empiricism – knowledge from research evidence
● The Canadian Journal of Sexuality
● The Journal of Sex Research
● Archives of Sexual Behaviour
● Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality
● International Academy of Sex Research
● How does this compare to other fields like biology or psychology?
○ People may lack interest in research of field
○ It’s their own personal life
○ Not as popular
○ Repressed early on
● Ultimate goal = to understand human sexuality
○ Example: STI - Chlamydia
● Must be able to describe it
● Must be able to explain it
● Should be able to predict it
○ When at risk
● Should be able to ‘control’ it
● Study of sexuality is interdisciplinary
● Who conducts sex research?
● Theory guides research
● Theory = set of assumptions, principles, or methods that help a researcher understand
the nature of the phenomenon being studied
● Different perspectives have different theories
○ Limitations on 1 perspective?
■ Goals and hopes for hypothesis
● 18th century
○ First programs of public and private sex education and classifications of sexual
behaviour were established
○ Sex research focused on deviations and sexual mental diseases
● 19th century (Victorian Era)
○ Sex research was thwarted - researchers were often attacked or accused
○ Researchers jobs lost, changed, and fired
● 20th century
○ Freud, Ellis, Bloch
■ Bloch: Look at many disciplines
■ Ellis: Interest in research of sexuality
■ Freud: Psychosexual theory
○ Legitimization of sex research
○ 1920’s—introduction of systematic research
○ Sexual dysfunction, STIs, cross cultural relationships, sexual violence, rape,
● Opposition by many individuals and groups
○ Family research council: Who opposes sex education, makes research difficult
for different groups like 19th Century -Victorian Era
○ Certain researchers practice separately
○ Difficulties conducting them
○ Not always published
○ Hard to get volunteers
● Disseminated by media
○ Most knowledge comes from media
● Difficulty researching certain groups
● Recruiting participants
○ Past: Could force people to participate in study
● Source of funding?
The Scientific Method
● What is the purpose of the scientific method?
● “Continuous quest for truth”
● Not searching for final truths, but “current” truths
● We make attempts to disprove current truths
○ Can disprove
The Scientific Method
● Systematic method to gathering information and testing assumptions
● Formulating a research question
● Framing the research question in the form of a hypothesis
○ Hypothesis = precise prediction about behaviour
○ Move from a general question to a specific and testable research question
The Scientific Method
● Testing the hypothesis
○ Via observation or experimentation
■ Surveys, Journals, and Interviews
○ Sample selection!
● Drawing conclusions
○ Make conclusions and inferences about the hypotheses based on the results
○ What can be said about the supporting theory? Did the results change our
● Population = complete group of organisms or events
Human sexuality - lecture 3 - research methods. Researcher: the permissiveness questionnaire provides information about the attitudes and beliefs of university students in ontario. Many students come to university at different ages. Media impact we are bombarded with sex studies in the media. Society for the scientific study of sexuality. People may lack interest in research of field. Ultimate goal = to understand human sexuality. Theory = set of assumptions, principles, or methods that help a researcher understand the nature of the phenomenon being studied. First programs of public and private sex education and classifications of sexual behaviour were established. Sex research focused on deviations and sexual mental diseases. Sex research was thwarted - researchers were often attacked or accused. Sexual dysfunction, stis, cross cultural relationships, sexual violence, rape, teenage pregnancy. Family research council: who opposes sex education, makes research difficult for different groups like 19th century -victorian era. Past: could force people to participate in study.