Psychology 2075 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Electromyography, Menopause, Bisexuality

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Published on 2 Oct 2015
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2075
Human Sexuality - Lecture 3 - Research Methods
Permissiveness Questionnaire
Researcher: The permissiveness questionnaire provides information about the
attitudes and beliefs of university students in Ontario
Is this correct?
No, there is certain limitations
Why or why not?
Many students come to university at different ages
Many may have experience or not
How do we know?
How do we know what we know?
Personal experience
○ Media
○ Friends
○ Education
○ Internet
Where do we get our information?
Is this information accurate?
Media impact —we are bombarded with sex studies in the media
How do we determine whether a study is reliable? Or whether the study was carried
out properly?
Important to develop a critical eye...
Sexology
Why research?
Empiricism – knowledge from research evidence
The Canadian Journal of Sexuality
The Journal of Sex Research
Archives of Sexual Behaviour
Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality
International Academy of Sex Research
How does this compare to other fields like biology or psychology?
People may lack interest in research of field
It’s their own personal life
Not as popular
Repressed early on
Goals
Ultimate goal = to understand human sexuality
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Example: STI - Chlamydia
Must be able to describe it
○ Symptoms
○ Classifying
Must be able to explain it
Should be able to predict it
When at risk
Should be able to ‘control’ it
○ Prevention
Theories
Study of sexuality is interdisciplinary
Who conducts sex research?
Theory guides research
Theory = set of assumptions, principles, or methods that help a researcher understand
the nature of the phenomenon being studied
Different perspectives have different theories
Limitations on 1 perspective?
■ Bias
■ Judgements
Goals and hopes for hypothesis
Early Research
18th century
First programs of public and private sex education and classifications of sexual
behaviour were established
Sex research focused on deviations and sexual mental diseases
19th century (Victorian Era)
Sex research was thwarted - researchers were often attacked or accused
Researchers jobs lost, changed, and fired
20th century
Freud, Ellis, Bloch
Bloch: Look at many disciplines
Ellis: Interest in research of sexuality
Freud: Psychosexual theory
Legitimization of sex research
1920’s—introduction of systematic research
Research Today...
Problem-driven
Sexual dysfunction, STIs, cross cultural relationships, sexual violence, rape,
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teenage pregnancy
Opposition by many individuals and groups
Family research council: Who opposes sex education, makes research difficult
for different groups like 19th Century -Victorian Era
Fragmented
Certain researchers practice separately
Inaccessible
Difficulties conducting them
Not always published
Hard to get volunteers
Disseminated by media
Most knowledge comes from media
Difficulty researching certain groups
Recruiting participants
Past: Could force people to participate in study
Source of funding?
The Scientific Method
What is the purpose of the scientific method?
“Continuous quest for truth”
Not searching for final truths, but “current” truths
We make attempts to disprove current truths
Can disprove
The Scientific Method
Systematic method to gathering information and testing assumptions
Formulating a research question
Framing the research question in the form of a hypothesis
Hypothesis = precise prediction about behaviour
Move from a general question to a specific and testable research question
The Scientific Method
Testing the hypothesis
Via observation or experimentation
Surveys, Journals, and Interviews
Sample selection!
Drawing conclusions
Make conclusions and inferences about the hypotheses based on the results
What can be said about the supporting theory? Did the results change our
ideas?
Populations
Population = complete group of organisms or events
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Document Summary

Human sexuality - lecture 3 - research methods. Researcher: the permissiveness questionnaire provides information about the attitudes and beliefs of university students in ontario. Many students come to university at different ages. Media impact we are bombarded with sex studies in the media. Society for the scientific study of sexuality. People may lack interest in research of field. Ultimate goal = to understand human sexuality. Theory = set of assumptions, principles, or methods that help a researcher understand the nature of the phenomenon being studied. First programs of public and private sex education and classifications of sexual behaviour were established. Sex research focused on deviations and sexual mental diseases. Sex research was thwarted - researchers were often attacked or accused. Sexual dysfunction, stis, cross cultural relationships, sexual violence, rape, teenage pregnancy. Family research council: who opposes sex education, makes research difficult for different groups like 19th century -victorian era. Past: could force people to participate in study.

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