Psychology 2075 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Medroxyprogesterone Acetate, Copper Iuds, Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

149 views11 pages
Published on 26 Nov 2015
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2075
HumanSexualityLecture11Contraception
ThePatch
Releases estrogen and progesterone
Effectiveness:
Typical use 99%
Perfect use 99.7%
Advantages and disadvantages similar to other hormonal methods
Higher levels of estrogen
Higher risk of blood clot and stroke
Injectable Contraception
Depo Provera
Progestin only
Injected once every three months
Works by suppressing ovulation,thickening cervical mucous, changing
endometrial lining
Effectiveness:
Typical use 97%
Perfect use 99.7%  
InjectableContraception
Advantages:
No estrogen
Lasts for 3 months
Reversible
Disadvantages:
Scheduling required every 3 months
Range of side-effects
Fertility restored 9-10 months
Amenorrhea - where period stops
Loss of bone density after 2 years (irreversible)
SubdermalImplant
Norplant
Thin tubes or rods are implanted under the skin
Time-released progestin
Removed from market due to multiple lawsuit
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 11 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Implanon
One flexible tube is implanted under skin
Left in place for 3 years
Effectiveness 99.5%, no possibility for user error
SubdermalImplants
Advantages:
Usable by women who are unable to use birth control pills
Highly effective and long lasting
Easily reversible
No estrogen side-effects
Implants can last for 3 years
Disadvantages:
Expensive
Side-effects
New method so research is scarce!
IntrauterineMethods
GOAL:
To prevent fertilization and implantation
Intrauterine device (IUD)
Paragard
Mirena
IntrauterineMethods
Paragard Copper T IUD
Copper ions and enzymes impair sperm function and impair fertilization
Only Nova-T or Flexi-T available in Canada – Used up to 12 years
Mirena
Time-released progestin – Used up to 5 years
IntrauterineDevices
Advantages:
Least expensive method over time
Long last effects
Fertility can be quickly restored
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 11 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Disadvantages:
Moderately painful insertion and removal
Irregular bleeding and spotting
No STI protection
Risk of uterine perforation
Expulsion rate of 1-7% during first year of use in younger women
PID
Infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and other reproductive organs
Can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, abscess formation, and chronic
pelvic pain
Cause? Bacteria
Signs and Symptoms
 
ChemicalMethods
Goal:
Reduce survival of sperm in vagina
Spermicides
Variety of forms:
Creams, suppositories, gels, foams, foaming tablets, capsules or films
ChemicalMethods
Often used in conjunction with another method of birth control
Inserted into the vagina prior to intercourse
Are spermicides really harmful or helpful??
Revised labelling of Nonoxynol-9 included warning that spermicides cause
vaginal and anal irritation....
...which may increase STI transmission
Microbicides now being developed that can reduce the risk of sexually
transmitted infections
Things to keep in mind about using spermicides...
ChemicalMethods
Effectiveness:
Typical use 75%
Perfect use 82%
Foam is more effective than jelly, cream, film or suppositories
Advantages:
Accessible and purchased over-the-counter
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 11 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Advantages and disadvantages similar to other hormonal methods. Higher risk of blood clot and stroke. Works by suppressing ovulation,thickening cervical mucous, changing endometrial lining. Loss of bone density after 2 years (irreversible) Thin tubes or rods are implanted under the skin. Removed from market due to multiple lawsuit. One flexible tube is implanted under skin. Effectiveness 99. 5%, no possibility for user error. Usable by women who are unable to use birth control pills. Copper ions and enzymes impair sperm function and impair fertilization. Only nova-t or flexi-t available in canada used up to 12 years. Time-released progestin used up to 5 years. Expulsion rate of 1-7% during first year of use in younger women. Infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and other reproductive organs. Can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, abscess formation, and chronic pelvic pain. Creams, suppositories, gels, foams, foaming tablets, capsules or films. Often used in conjunction with another method of birth control.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.