Unit 12: Language and the Brain

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Document Summary

In this lecture we will examine how language can be mapped to specific areas of the brain. Of particular interest are findings that specific aspects of language ability can be localized to distinct parts of the brain. Evidence of this is drawn studying language deficits following brain damage (aphasia) and also from brain imaging techniques. In both cases, the ultimate goal is to to localize language function. The term aphasia is reserved for brain damage in adults that leads to loss of some aspects of language. stroke (lack of oxygen to the brain) surgery to alleviate different neurological disorders but which can damage healthy brain tissue. infection of the brain and tissue surrounding the brain. neurodegeneration due to diseases like parkinsons and alzheimer"s disease. The brain is made up of two hemispheres, left and right. Each hemisphere can also be further subdivided into different "lobes". Below is an image showing where each lobe is located.

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