Psychology 2134A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Denotation, Stroop Effect, Connotation
The locutionary meaning of an utterance: literal meaning . Versus the illocutionary force: pragmatic or non-literal meaning. Not the same as a simile: the salesman is a shark. Metaphor: the salesman is like a shark. Metaphors seem to carry more force than similes. Refers to an entity in terms of a salient characteristic. The ham sandwich is sitting at table 5 (literally: the customer who ordered the ham sandwich) Sebastian read dickens at oxford (literally: the books that dickens wrote) The figurative meaning is the opposite of the literal meaning. About 8% of utterances very common: that"s a nice car. If someone"s car is clearly not nice : i love how all on-campus coffee shops are closed during reading week . Sarcasm: special case: irony used in a way that is purposefully unkind. Two key questions about processing figurative language. To understand the figurative meaning of a sentence: 1. Determine whether that interpretation is sensible in context: 3.