Psychology 2134A/B Lecture Notes - Reduplication, Inflection, Psych

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Psych of Language
Lect Sept 20
Extra reading online
Chart that replicates chart from last class
Also, there are examples of the sounds each of those stupid symbols make
What is an allophone?
Phonemes that are physically different from each other but treated and perceived as
the same
Japanese people perceive “row” and “low” as the same word
When their little babies their brains are tuned into the specific language theyre
learning, their brains are tuned out to the phonemes that are not relative to their
language.
English people do this too, don’t distinguish between long and short vowels
“grad” means city “graaaaaad” means hail, two long vs short vowels are treated as
separate phonemes
aspiration in thai
voiceless aspirated is very voiceless
3 way contrast (English only has a 2 way contrast)
tha is aspirated
ta is voiceless
da is voiced
Morphology
Morphemes: smallest meaningful units in language
Morphemes can be words; dog is a morpheme
Prefixes and suffixes
Not any combination of phonemes though, has to carry meaning.
Cats is two morphemes
Free morphemes: words essentially
Bound morphemes: morphemes that need to be combined with other morphemes to
have meaning
Inflectional morphology
There are also morphemes that can change a noun into a verb or into an adjective;
called derivational morphemes (complete transformation)
Derivational Morphemes
Change a words entire meaning
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Document Summary

Also, there are examples of the sounds each of those stupid symbols make. Phonemes that are physically different from each other but treated and perceived as the same. Japanese people perceive row and low as the same word. When their little babies their brains are tuned into the specific language theyre learning, their brains are tuned out to the phonemes that are not relative to their language. English people do this too, don"t distinguish between long and short vowels. Grad means city graaaaaad means hail, two long vs short vowels are treated as separate phonemes aspiration in thai voiceless aspirated is very voiceless. 3 way contrast (english only has a 2 way contrast) tha is aspirated ta is voiceless da is voiced. Morphemes can be words; dog is a morpheme. Not any combination of phonemes though, has to carry meaning. Bound morphemes: morphemes that need to be combined with other morphemes to have meaning.

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