ABNORMAL CHILD PSYC LAB March 14
Ask teacher why so many words aren’t
grammatically correct in psychology 3/14/2013 11:32:00 AM
• Previously “manic-depressive illness, circular type”
• Thus bipolar disorder is a “cyclic” or “periodic” illness, with patients cycling
“up” into a manic or mixed-manic episode, then returning to normal, and
cycling “down” into a depressive episode.
• Most people return to their normal state of functioning in between
Mania in adults
• A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or
irritable mood (1 week) + 3 of the following:
• Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
• Decreased need for sleep
• More talkative
• Flight of ideas or subjective experience of thoughts racing
• Increase in goal-directed activity
• Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential
for painful consequences e.g., unrestrained buying sprees.
Mania in children
• Irritability or rage
• Silly, giddy, overexcited, overtalkative behavior combined with expansive,
• May engage in dangerous behaviors due to the belief they ARE
superhuman or powerful (e.g. can walk on water or jump off buildings
without hurting themselves, etc)
Mania in children continued
• Sexual Disinhibition
• Unrealistic elevations in self-esteem • Vast surges of energy (go for days with little sleep)
• Hyper (e.g. concentrating for hours on one activity) or Hypo-attentive
• This mood disturbance must be uncharacteristic of the child as per their
developmental history (i.e., a change from their normal behavior)
• Children believe their manic thoughts with great conviction no matter
• Pressured speech: talk too much and too fast, change topics too
quickly, and cannot be interrupted.
• Racing thoughts: thoughts come one after another and interrupt each
• Flight of ideas: jump from one idea to another completely unconnected
• Visual and auditory hallucinations in extreme cases.
• Changes un surroundings lead to extreme distractibility.
MANIC EPISODE (mood disturbance)
• discrete period of 1 week or more of ongoing, pervasive, and unusually
elevated or irritable mood with sxs present as previously described.
• Does not meet depressive episode criteria during this time.
• Not due to substance use/abuse or medical condition
• Causes significant impairment in activities or requires hospitalization
• Child experiences both a manic episode and a major depressive episode for
a week or more
• Resemble manic episode but the mood disturbance and symptoms are less
severe, or shorter duration, and result in less impairment in functioning.
• Requires evidence for a manic or mixed episode, and one or more major
depressive episodes BIPOLAR 2 DISORDER
• Requires a hypomanic episode and one or more MD episodes
• Child displays numerous and persistent hypomanic and depressive
symptoms for a year or more that cause considerable distress and
impairment in functioning but do not meet manic or mixed episode