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ABNORMAL CHILD PSYC LAB March 14.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2320A/B
Professor
Prof
Semester
Winter

Description
ABNORMAL CHILD PSYC LAB March 14 Ask teacher why so many words aren’t grammatically correct in psychology 3/14/2013 11:32:00 AM Bipolar Disorder • Previously “manic-depressive illness, circular type” • Thus bipolar disorder is a “cyclic” or “periodic” illness, with patients cycling “up” into a manic or mixed-manic episode, then returning to normal, and cycling “down” into a depressive episode. • Most people return to their normal state of functioning in between episodes. Mania in adults • A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood (1 week) + 3 of the following: • Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity • Decreased need for sleep • More talkative • Flight of ideas or subjective experience of thoughts racing • Distractibility • Increase in goal-directed activity • Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences e.g., unrestrained buying sprees. Mania in children • Irritability or rage • Silly, giddy, overexcited, overtalkative behavior combined with expansive, grandiose beliefs. • May engage in dangerous behaviors due to the belief they ARE superhuman or powerful (e.g. can walk on water or jump off buildings without hurting themselves, etc) Mania in children continued • Restlessness • Agitation • Sleeplessness • Sexual Disinhibition • Unrealistic elevations in self-esteem • Vast surges of energy (go for days with little sleep) • Hyper (e.g. concentrating for hours on one activity) or Hypo-attentive (distractible). • This mood disturbance must be uncharacteristic of the child as per their developmental history (i.e., a change from their normal behavior) • Children believe their manic thoughts with great conviction no matter how illogical • Pressured speech: talk too much and too fast, change topics too quickly, and cannot be interrupted. • Racing thoughts: thoughts come one after another and interrupt each other • Flight of ideas: jump from one idea to another completely unconnected idea • Visual and auditory hallucinations in extreme cases. • Changes un surroundings lead to extreme distractibility. Diagnosis MANIC EPISODE (mood disturbance) • discrete period of 1 week or more of ongoing, pervasive, and unusually elevated or irritable mood with sxs present as previously described. • Does not meet depressive episode criteria during this time. • Not due to substance use/abuse or medical condition • Causes significant impairment in activities or requires hospitalization MIXED EPISODE • Child experiences both a manic episode and a major depressive episode for a week or more HYPOMANIC EPISODE • Resemble manic episode but the mood disturbance and symptoms are less severe, or shorter duration, and result in less impairment in functioning. BIPOLAR DISORDER • Requires evidence for a manic or mixed episode, and one or more major depressive episodes BIPOLAR 2 DISORDER • Requires a hypomanic episode and one or more MD episodes CYCLOTHYMIC DISORDER • Child displays numerous and persistent hypomanic and depressive symptoms for a year or more that cause considerable distress and impairment in functioning but do not meet manic or mixed episode
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