Psychology 2410A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Evolutionary Developmental Biology, John Q., Naturalistic Fallacy

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2410A/B
Professor
Page:
of 5
Outline Last Time
Sex vs. gender
Gender socialization theory
Evo-Devo theory
CAH
5-ARD
Sex differences
Naturalistic fallacy
Toy preference
Spatial abilities
Final
Know all lectures from all term
No readings from exam 1 or 2 just from exam 3
week 10, 12, 13, and article
John Q
Is he a good person? bad person?
Is his action wrong? right?
Multiple processes in moral development
Piaget and Moral Development
Stage-like
In many ways the development stages parallel cognitive development
Conforms to his theory of cognitive developments
Rational, reason based process
Stage 1: constraint of morality (< 7 years old)
Rules are rigid
two reasons for thinking this way: rules are things, power difference so believe
authority figure
Don’t focus on intentions, entirely focused on consequences
Consequences determine whether an action is good or bad
ex. kid accidentally breaks 10 plates, and second kid intentionally breaks 5.
They believe the kid who broke 10 is not as good as the one who only broke 5
Transitional Period (7-10 years old)
Social experiments which teach them that rules can be changed
Switch from consequence based moral psychology to intentional based moral
psychology
Intention determines whether an action is good or bad
Stage 2: Autonomous Morality (>10 years old)
Many rules are social contracts
Sense of fairness
Social Evaluation in Infants (Hamlin, Wynn and Bloom, 2007)
Q: Do infants categorize, evaluate, and have preferences about “good” vs “bad” guys?
Method: helping-hinder display
Lecture 11
babies sees one of two videos
there is a hill with a ball (ball has face)
Condition 1 (helping): ball can’t get up hill, triangle helps ball up the hill
Condition 2 (hinder): ball can’t get up hill, square pushes ball down the hill
Gives baby choice to pick either the triangle or the square
If they are making a distinction and categorizing then they should systematically
choose the triangle, otherwise there will be no difference in choice
Experiment 1: animate
Experiment 2: inanimate
Experiment 3:
Helper
Hinder
6 months 10 months
% chosing triangle/square
Helping
Hinder
12.5
25
37.5
50
6 months 10 months
% chosing triangle/square
Helper Neutral Hinder
6 months (Hepler) 6 months (Hinder) 10 months (Helper) 10 months (Hinder)
Lecture 11
Attitudes towards Prosocial vs Antisocial Others
Method: ball and box display
Prosocial Condition: they see the giver in subsequent tasks
Antisocial Condition: they see the taker in subsequent tasks
In the subsequent conditions they are in the box task where they are either helped
or hinder
Then give the infant a choice between the new helper and new hinder
Preference for people who help good people, and no preference for those that
don’t
Don’t look negatively a someone who doesn’t help a bad person
Q: Do infants like others who help “good” guys and punish “bad” guys?
Results:
Prosocial Target
Help good people at 5 and 8 months
Antisocial Target
Tend to punish bad people at 8 months but not at 5 months
Attribution of “dispositional” States to Others
Q: Do infants expect others to prefer “good” guys over “bad” guys?
Expected: the red circle chooses the triangle (good guy)
Unexpected: the red circle chooses the square (bad guy)
Helper
Hinder
5 months 8 months
% chosing
Helper
Hinder
5 months 8 months
% Chosing
Lecture 11

Document Summary

Outline last time: sex vs. gender, gender socialization theory, evo-devo theory, sex differences, cah, 5-ard, naturalistic fallacy, toy preference, spatial abilities. Final: know all lectures from all term, no readings from exam 1 or 2 just from exam 3, week 10, 12, 13, and article. John q: is he a good person? bad person, is his action wrong? right, multiple processes in moral development. Social evaluation in infants (hamlin, wynn and bloom, 2007: q: do infants categorize, evaluate, and have preferences about good vs bad guys, method: helping-hinder display. Hinder e r a u q s e g n a i r t l i g n s o h c. 12. 5 e r a u q s e g n a i r t l i g n s o h c. 6 months (hepler) 6 months (hinder) 10 months (helper) 10 months (hinder) Hinder i g n s o h c.