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Ch 12: S-R Theory, Ch. 14: Rotter's Social Learning

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Western University
Psychology 2550A/B
Stephen Erdle

Chapter 12 SR Theory y Stimulus Response theoryy Associated with 2 researchers who collaborated their researchDollardMiller y Attempted to develop a theory that translated psychoanalytic processesterms into behaviourismStructure y Sometimes referred to neobehaviourism because they take behaviourism perspective but they also look within the organisminternal factor that contribute to those factors whereas Skinner would focus entirely on behaviour y Four fundamentals of learning o Drive like an impulse and related to the types of drives the psychoanalytic psychologists talked about biological urges etcWe learn to reduce drivesimportant part of learningPrimary drives innate ex hunger sexSecondary drives learned ex fear o Cues stimuli that motivate behaviourInternal more psychoanalytic and external more behaviourism cues o Response the overt behaviour that we see the person engage inCan be more than just overt can be covert ex thoughtsthe act of repression can be considered a response o ReinforcementPrimary things that satisfy primary drives ex food hungerSecondary things associated with primary reinforces ex moneybuys foody Took the behaviourist perspective and built it into a theory that could explain psychoanalytic phenomena created four fundamentals of learninghence why they include internal events not focusing exclusively on external stimuliDevelopment y Suggested there are 4 critical situations in the development of personality tied them into Freudian stages of psychosexual development but focus on rewardpunishment o Feeding oral how feeding is dealt with by the parentsreinforcing or punishingwill effect the childs personalityEx if a child isnt fed when its crying the child will learn apathy negativeyou should reward child for crying and satisfy its needs by feeding it positive o Cleanliness anal behavioural aspectsconsequences of toilet trainingWant to reward children for toilet training and avoid excessive punishmento Sex phallic parents shouldnt punish children for exploring their genitalscan lead to neurotic sexual behaviour in adulthood o Angeranxiety conflicts latency training how to deal with angernot overly punishing the child because that will lead to anxietylet the child express their anger in constructive ways and deal with the source of their angertry to remove it y Focus is to avoid excessive use of punishment in childhood which can lead to anxiety and maladaptive behaviourMaladjustment y 3 types of conflict between approach and avoidance motivationsbehaviours o Approachapproach 2 goals that are attractive that you would like to approach and you have to decide between them
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