Class Notes (809,390)
Canada (493,689)
Psychology (6,041)

Research Methods Class 4.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Psychology 2800E
Doug Hazlewood

Research Methods Class 4 – Ethics in Research 9/27/2012 9:34:00 AM ETHICS IN RESEARCH What is ethics? - a branch of philosophy concerned with moral issues of “right” and “wrong” - To behave “ethically” is to do what is morally right Why do scientists need an ethical code of conduct? - The Tuskegee syphilis study (1932): A treatment for syphilis was deliberately withheld from patients. (wanted to see what would happen without treatment) - The Willowbrook hepatitis study (1956): Children with cog disabilities deliberately infected with hepatitis. - Medical experiments in German concentration camps during WW2. (Researchers pushed the boundaries of what we know by immersing prisoners in ice cold water. They shot prisoners with poisoned bullets, injected them with gasoline, exposed them to infections/diseases…all said to have been done for science.  The Nuremberg Trials (1946): 20 scientists charged with willing participation in crimes against humanity (16 guilty, 7 hanged). (e.g. chief surgeon at University of Berlin was one of the scientists) o Trials ended after 140 days of testimony PART 1: Ethical Codes of Conduct A. The Nuremberg Code (1947; 10 principles) - 1 principle: “the voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential”. - 6 principles focus on protecting subjects from physical and mental suffering. - 3 principles emphasize that research must have a useful purpose and be conducted by trained professionals. B. Ethical Codes in Psychology 1. APA (1953): A code for clinical psychology. APA (1973): A code for research psychology APA (2010): Current version (see W&M) 2. CPA (1978…2000): Code for ethics for psychologists 3. Tri-Council policy statement on ethical conduct for research involving humans (TCPS, 2010).  The three councils: CIHR (medical research), SSHRC (social sci and humanities), NSERC (natural science and engineering) o TCPS governs all research at Western (including honors theses) PART 2: Eight Principles of the TCPS Principle 1: Respect for Human Dignity  Described as a “moral imperative”  Described as “The Cardinal Principle” on which all other principles are based. 1. Don’t treat research participants as “objects” to be studied; treat them with dignity and respect 2. Be concerned with their safety and welfare. Principle 2: Respect for free and informed consent 1. Ps (participants for short) have a right to be informed about anything that might influence their willingness to participate (purpose, procedures, and possible risks). 2. Must explicitly consent (agree) to participate  - can withdraw their consent at any time w/o penalty (e.g. skipping some questions uncomfortable to answer)  consent should be obtained in writing (see Labs) 3. Informed consent must be freely given:  voluntary (no “coercion”, “undue influence”)  avoid subtle forms of pressure (e.g. grades, large monetary incentives; highly attractive benefits) Principle 3: Respect for vulnerable persons (e.g. children, mentally challenged persons, etc) - obtain informed consent from legal guardians, - obtain assent from par
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 2800E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.