Environmental Psych Lecture.docx

28 views3 pages
Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2990A/B
Applied Psychology: April 1, 2013
Environmental Psychology
Defining Environmental Psychology and Understanding Social Dilemmas
“That which is common to the greatest number has the least care bestowed upon it”
-Aristotle
Prologue: Defining Environmental Psychology
It’s concerned with understanding:
A. The effects of environments on people
1. Natural environments (eg. effect of natural “greenspace” on our physical health)
2. Built environments:
a. Noise and pollution;
b. Lighting; classroom seating
c. Windows in offices and hospital rooms
d. Design of maps in public buildings
3. Social environments (presence of other people). Eg:
a. Crowding and stress
b. Personal space
c. Privacy
d. Territoriality
B. The effects of people on environments
1. Some major environmental problems:
a. Overpopulation
b. Pollution (air and land)
c. Not conserving energy resources (eg. oil)
d. Over fishing, deforestation
*ALL CAUSED BY PEOPLE
Question 1: Why do people threaten the environment?
Question 2: How can we change their behavior?
Answer: It’s a classic “Social Dilemma”
Part 1: A Two-Person Dilemma “The Prisoner’s Dilemma”
2 men arrested for armed robbery (20 years)
prosecutor needs a confession in order to convict, so…
o prisoners are separated and offered choices:
CONFESS OR STAY SILENT
o Consequences of their decision depend on what the other prisoner does
o The “Payoff Matrix”
Prisoner A
Stay Silent
Confess
Stay Silent
1 Year for A
No Jail for A
1 Year for B
20 years for B
Prisoner B
Confess
20 Years for A
5 Years for A
No Jail for B
5 Years for B
A “mixed motive” conflict: The best possible joint outcome (1 year in jail) is not the best outcome
for each individual (no jail). What to do?
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

That which is common to the greatest number has the least care bestowed upon it . It"s concerned with understanding: the effects of environments on people. Aristotle: natural environments (eg. effect of natural greenspace on our physical health, built environments, noise and pollution, lighting; classroom seating, windows in offices and hospital rooms, design of maps in public buildings, social environments (presence of other people). Eg: crowding and stress, personal space, privacy, territoriality, the effects of people on environments, some major environmental problems, overpopulation, pollution (air and land, not conserving energy resources (eg. oil, over fishing, deforestation. Part 1: a two-person dilemma the prisoner"s dilemma . 2 men arrested for armed robbery (20 years) Prosecutor needs a confession in order to convict, so : prisoners are separated and offered choices: Confess or stay silent: consequences of their decision depend on what the other prisoner does, the payoff matrix .

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.