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Psych 2990 Feb Group.doc

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Psychology 2990A/B
Doug Hazlewood

Ch 4 Psychology applied to sportsBehavior in groupsWhat is a groupno single definition Three definitions Types of group1two or more ppl on the same place at the same time ex strangers waiting for the bus ppl dont have to interact w each other or communicating an aggregateor non social group2two or more ppl who influence each other not much interaction or communication but they still influence each othera minimal group eg wave at baseball game when everybody stands for a certain star bus ex can become this group with one of the member will start talking or fall3a social group two or more ppl who influence each other through social interaction they interact communicate make decisions have shared goalsSocial facilitation How are we influenced by the mere presence of othersANormal Tripllet 1898cyclist who competed w each other were faster than cyclist who compited alone against the clockthe presence of others facilitates perfomanceexperiment brought children into the room the children were either alone or they were in the presence of others who were winding streams kids wind string faster in the presence of other kids who were winding string than when aloneWhythe presence of others releases energy dynamogism that facilitates perfomanceBEstablishing the generality of the facilitation effect Occurs withcoactorswho perform the same taskother who are merely present an audienceother physical tasks eg lifting weights shooting pool ANDcognitive tasks simple math problems learning word assosiations naming colorsppl even write their signature faster when others are presentBUT sometimes the presence of others inhibits perfomance class presentationCZajonc 1965 and the YerkesDodson Lawpsychological arousal facilitates the dominant response
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