Psychology 2990A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Demonic Possession, Psych, Yield Sign

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Psych 2990 Notes
Lesson 1: Psychology and the Law
Psych plays roles in both research and practice of law.
Psychologists can serve as expert witnesses in legal cases.
Objectives
oDescribe Canadian Justice system
oUnderstand research about eyewitness testimony
oList and describe other kinds of evidence – expert testimony, physical evidence,
statistical evidence
oDescribe how juries process information and make decisions
oUnderstand why people obey the law according to the “principles of deterrence
theory” and “procedural justice”
Reconstructive memory: process by which memories for an event are distorted by
information that becomes available to a person after the event
oCan be used to misle eyewitnesses
Elizabeth Loftus Video
oSteve Titus – restaurant manager, 31, Seattle, married to Gretchen
oCar resembled another car owned by rapist on loose
oPolice took pic and showed to victim and the lady said “that’s the closest”
oWhen Titus on trial, lady said 100% sure he was the man, so he was convicted.
oTitus called local newspaper, and journalist found the real rapist! (50 rapes in that
area)
oThe judge set Titus free!
oTitus lost everything, filed a lawsuit against police
oTitus died from stress-heart attack
o1 project, 300 people, ¾ of those, wrongly convicted due to memory
oMemory like Wikipedia page, you can go and change it but so can other people
oHow fast cars when they “hit” or “smashed” 34 vs 41! And broken glass 14% vs
32%
oYield sign lead on, “saw yield sign, not a stop sign”
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Document Summary

Psych plays roles in both research and practice of law. Psychologists can serve as expert witnesses in legal cases. Reconstructive memory: process by which memories for an event are distorted by information that becomes available to a person after the event: can be used to misle eyewitnesses. 32: yield sign lead on, saw yield sign, not a stop sign , stressful experience us military subjects under heroin training exercise to train if they are ever captured as pow! Aggressive, hostile interviews for 30 mins and they have to id the interrogator, and feeding suggestive = misid, choose someone who doesn"t even remotely look like the perp: misinformation is everywhere, if we talk to other witnesses too! Psychotherapy lady thinking she was forced into preggo and baby was cut from belly, but no physical scars. *imagination, dream interpretation, hypnosis, exposure to false information. Planted a memory, lost in a mall as a kid but saved by elderly person.

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