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Lecture 9

Psychology 3185F/G Lecture 9: Lecture 9-summary -

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Western University
Psychology 3185F/G
Patrick Brown

Applying intentional forgetting process to forgiveness Previous research has looked @ how intentional forgetting works/ application of it’s product – here look at application of the process specifically – how actively trying to forget info is useful Intentionally trying to forget transgression will promote forgiveness Exp1: intentional forgetting manipulation, then rate forgiveness-2 short stories with conflict 1 sentence (2 character does a transgression) , after each sentence cue told to remember/ forget, distracter task, afterwards asked if forgive/ not the perpetrator (0=not-4=likely, 5=nothing to forgive)-Independent variables: -within- subject variable story (1vs2)each person receives 2 stories -Within- subject variable cue (F/R)each person got 1 story which transgression told to forget& 1 remember st nd -between subject variable: cue order (order presented F or R 1 /2 )- re-coded as 5(forget) vs not 5 more likely to say that “nothing to forgive” if Fno effect of story/ cue order -coded 0-4cue effect significant & story 2 had more forgiveness, no effect of order -Forget cue= more likely to say nothing to forgive, or if remember-forgive it -even if didn’t forget completely (intentional forgetting not succeeded) the process itself promotes forgiveness Problem: could exp.1 results be due to passive process- (letting info slip) info simply ignored/ not elaborately encoded/ incidentally forgotten? -not an active controlled process of intentional forgetting Exp. 2 Previous research suggests that whether or not someone engages in effortless encoding is determined on whether they perceive the message as important or not Replaced forget not important (NI) , rememberimportant (I)If it was due to passive process, then expected that the not-important acts like forget ↑forgiveness NI= ↑Forgetfullness (nothing to forgive) but doesn’t increase forgivesnesspassive forgetfulness doesn’t ↑forgiveness In Exp 1 forgiveness was not due to passive forgetfulness Power problem because null hypothesis? Not a problem because Exp 2 had even more participants, enough to show effect if there was one (had enough to show forgetfulness), also the effect in exp 1 was x3 more than here- very large Exp 3. more face-valid recall measure of memory Amazon’s Mechanical T
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