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clinical psych chap 2

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Psychology 3301F/G
Leslie Janes

Becoming a Clinical Psychologist • Ready to Apply? • In what type of program am I interested in? • Am I ready to make the commitment needed for a doctoral program in clinical psychology at this time? • Are my credentials strong enough? • If yes… • How can I evaluate various programs? • What type of degree would I want? • What is involved in applying to graduate school? • Can I move? • What should I consider if I am accepted? – E.g. location, faculty, prestige • Clinical Psychology • Over 26 CPA accredited programs – APA will stop accrediting Canadian programs in 2015 • Diagnose and treat • Most flexibility • Many options • Need to be passionate • Type of Doctorate degree • Scientist –practitioner model – Awarded the Doctor of Philosophy degree (PhD) – Developed in 1949, and often called Boulder Model – Students engage in research to continue to build on knowledge, while practicing and applying it – trained to become original producers of knowledge • Scholar-practitioner model for PsyD – Awarded a Doctor of Psychology Degree (PsyD) – Developed more recently (1973) – Must understand and utilize research – Not become producers of own research – More clinically focused – Psy D • Canadian Psychological Association endorsed both models as appropriate training programs • Canadian Psy.D Programs : – Université Laval, (accredited) – Université du Quebec a Montreal (accredited) – Université du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres, – Université de Sherbrooke, – Memorial University of Newfoundland • Competition • Fees affect the application rate, thus the acceptance rate – However more true of US than of Canada • Overall acceptance rate of 10% for APA accredited clinical psychology programs • CPA 2005 & 2006 data collected from Canadian Universities • Financial Assistance – Significant variability, programs with more funding options (research oriented PhD programs) being more competitive than PsyD program - 95% scientist-practitioner programs offer funding, 23% in funding • In Canada, most graduate programs in clinical psychology are funded • Funding Sources • Teaching Assistantships (TA’s) • Research Assistantships (RA’s) • Institutional Scholarships • Often based on incoming GPA • Government Funding • Natural Sciences & Engineering Research Council (NSERC) • Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR) • Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) • Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) • Where to Apply • Research schools • Discover areas of research that interest you • Through undergraduate courses • Get involved in labs • Look for faculty members that match your research interests • Email potential advisors you are interested in working with • How to Prepare • Research Experience • Potential supervisors look for research experience • Can the student produce their own research (e.g. undergraduate thesis) • Working in a lab • Become passionate! • Human Services Experience • Not as necessary for Clinical Psychology • Very important for Counselling Psychology • Gives students an idea of the mental health field • Volunteer in community or within the school • Extra-Curricular Activities • Add to your academic resume • Join a professional organization • Get involved with Psychology organizations at your school • Application Package • Application form • Official transcripts • GRE test results (general and/or subject) • Letters of recommendation • Statement of Interest • Application Form • Application forms should be filled out neatly and completely. • Mention any awards and honors you received. • Mention papers that were published in peer-reviewed journals and those that are being considered for publication. • Apply for funding! • Grade Point Average • Grades are usually reported as letter grades or percentages. • Percentage grades are less ambiguous than letter grades. • A student that does not have at least a 3.5 (80%) GPA will probably not be admitted into a prestigious clinical or counseling psychology program. • Last 2 years are typically most important • Graduate Record Examination’s (GRE’s) • The GRE’s required for Clinical Psychology • Students score to compared to many others – the percentile • Students with GRE scores less than the 50th percentile are unlikely to be admitted into a graduate program • Each program will have its own cut-off scores • Very important to prepare for GRE’s • GRE Sections • Verbal Section • Assesses vocabulary, comprehension, grasp of language • Often scores remain stable and they reflect the literacy level and book knowledge of the student • Frequent reading may help student’s performance • Latin studies may help because often GRE words use Latin roots • Limited amount gained by preparing • Verbal Section consists of: • Reading comprehension • Designed to test a wide range of skills needed in graduate school • Text completion • Crucial words are omitted from a passage and the blanks need to be filled in from the word options • Sentence equivalence • Need to determine 2 words that would keep the sentence meaning the same • Vain and prone to violence, Caravaggio could not handle success: the more his (i)__________ as an artist increased, the more (ii)__________ his life became. Blank (i) Blank (ii) • (A) temperance (D) tumultuous • (B) notoriety (E) providential • (C) eminence (F) dispassionate • Beguile – improve; make better – mislead or delude; – to portray depict sketch out – substance used to absorb moisture • Ferret – to distress; create stress or torment – To settle (oneself) securely or comfortably – discover by searching search – obstruct/frustrate • Umbrage – Offense, resentment – person who stirs up war – boldness ,impudence, arrogance – great flood heavy rush of water • Quantitative Section • Mathematical ability • Taught in high school math • Preparation can have a large impact and can improve score • Can predict performance by how long ago the student took math and how well they did • Covers topics such as: arithmetic, geometry, algebra, data analysis • Example The diagonal of a rectangle OR Half the perimeter of the same rectangle A. The quantity on the left is greater B. The quantity on the right is greater C. Both are equal D. The relationship cannot be determined without further information • x + y = 5 y - x = 3 x OR y • A. The quantity on the left is greater B. The quantity on the right is greater C. Both are equal D. The relationship cannot be determined without further information • Analytic Section • Tests your critical thinking and analytic writing skills • Has undergone many changes • Assesses ability to construct and evaluate arguments • 30 minute “analyze an issue task” • 30 minute “analyze an argument task” • The GRE is of questionable validity for students who English is not their first language – Especially verbal subscale – Reference letters may become more important – This can be a very large flaw in standardization • There is debate about the validity of GRE scores and some programs have began weaning them out, however at this point in time they are still alive and well • GRE Subject Test • Often seen as being redundant with the undergraduate psychology courses • A good study tool to use is an Intro to Psychology text book • Some programs are no longer requiring the subject text – However still sometimes required for clinical psychology • Statements of Interest •
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