Class Notes (923,174)
CA (543,135)
Western (51,698)
Psychology (6,417)
4223F/G (17)
Eric Ball (17)
Lecture

lec 16.doc

3 Pages
40 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 4223F/G
Professor
Eric Ball

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
dissociative amnesia: when a person is unable to recall important personal information, usually
after some stressful episode. The information is not permanently lost, but it cannot be retrieved during
the episode of amnesia.
rarely, the amnesia is for only selected events during a circumscribed period of distress, is
continuous from a traumatic event to the present, or is total, covering the person’s entire life.
The person’s behaviour during the period of amnesia is otherwise unremarkable, except that the
memory loss may bring some disorientation and purposeless wandering.
The amnesic episode may last several hours or as long as several years. It usually disappears as
suddenly as it came on, with complex recovery and only a small change of recurrence.
In degenerative brain diseases, memory fails more slowly over time, is not linked to life stress, and is
accompanied by other cognitive deficits, such as the inability to learn new information. Memory loss
following a brain injury caused by some trauma (eg an automobile accident) or substance abuse can
be easily linked to the trauma or the substance being abused.
DISSOCIATIVE FUGUE:
Memory loss is more extensive in dissociative fugue than in dissociative amnesia. The person not
only becomes totall amnesic but suddenly leaves home and work and assumes a new identity.
Sometimes the person takes a new name, a new home, a new job, and even a new set of personality
characteristics.
More often, the fugue is of briefer duration. It consists for the most part of limited, but apparently
purposeful, travel, during which social contacts are minimal or absent.
Fugues typically occur after a person has experienced some sever stress, such as marital quarrels,
personal rejection, financial or occupational difficulties, war service, or a natural disaster. Recovery,
although it takes varying amounts of time is usually complete and the individual does not recollect
what took place during the flight from his or her usual haunts.
DEPERSONALIZARION DISORDER:
depersonalization disorder: unlike other dissociative disorders, involves no disturbance of
memory. In a depersonalization episde, which is typically triggered by stress, individuals rather
suddenly lose their sense of self. They have unusual sensory experiences, i.e. their limbs may seem
drastically changed in size or their voices may sounds strange to them.
They may have the impression that they are outside their bodies, viewing themselves from a
distance. Sometimes they feel mechanical, as though they and others are robots, or they move as
though in a world that has lost its reality.
Depersonalization episodes are associated with traumatic life events in general or specific events
involving sexual abuse.
The most common reaction was a sense of derealisation, with statements such as “I feel as if i am
floating away from reality”
Desomatization was also reported; “my body does not feel like it belongs”. Other symptoms; worries
about feeling isolated from people.
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER:
Dissociative identity disorder: requires that a person have at least two separate ego states, or
alters different modes of being and feeling and acting that exist independently of ach other and that
come forth and are in control at different times. There is usually one primary personality.
Gaps in memory occur in all cases and are produced because at least one alter has no contact with
the others.
The existence of different alters must also be chronic (long-lasting) and severe (causing considerable
disruption in one’s life)

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
dissociative amnesia: when a person is unable to recall important personal information, usually after some stressful episode. The information is not permanently lost, but it cannot be retrieved during the episode of amnesia. rarely, the amnesia is for only selected events during a circumscribed period of distress, is continuous from a traumatic event to the present, or is total, covering the person’s entire life. The person’s behaviour during the period of amnesia is otherwise unremarkable, except that the memory loss may bring some disorientation and purposeless wandering. The amnesic episode may last several hours or as long as several years. It usually disappears as suddenly as it came on, with complex recovery and only a small change of recurrence. In degenerative brain diseases, memory fails more slowly over time, is not linked to life stress, and is accompanied by other cognitive deficits, such as the inability to learn new information. Memory loss following a brain injury caused by some trauma (eg an automobile accident) or substance abuse can be easily linked to the trauma or the substance being abused. DISSOCIATIVE FUGUE: Memory loss is more extensive in dissociative fugue than in dissociative amnesia. The person not only becomes totall amnesic but suddenly leaves home and work and assumes a new identity. Sometimes the person takes a new name, a new home, a new job, and even a new set of personality characteristics. More often, the fugue is of briefer duration. It consists for the most part of limited, but apparently purposeful, travel, during which social contacts are minimal or absent. Fugues typically occur after a person has experienced some sever stress, such as marital quarrels, personal rejection, financial or occupational difficulties, war service, or a natural disaster. Recovery, although it takes varying amounts of time is usually complete and the individual does not recollect what took place during the flight from his or her usual haunts. DEPERSONALIZARION DISORDER: depersonalization disorder: unlike other dissociative disorders, involves no disturbance of memory. In a depersonalization episde, which is typically triggered by stress, individuals rather suddenly lose their sense of self. They have unusual sensory experiences, i.e. their limbs may seem drastically changed in size or their voices may sounds strange to them. They may have the impression that they are outside their bodies, viewing themselves from a distance. Sometimes they feel mechanical, as though they and others are robots, or they move as though in a world that has lost its reality. Depersonalization episodes are associated with traumatic life events in general or specific events involving sexual abuse. The most common reaction was a sense of derealisation, with statements such as “I feel as if i am floating away from reality” Desomatization was also reported; “my body does not feel like it belongs”. Other symptoms; worries about feeling isolated from people. DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER: Dissociative identity disorder: requires that a person have at least two separate ego states, or alters – different modes of being and feeling and acting that exist independently of ach other and that come forth and are in control at different times. There is usually one primary personality. Gaps in memory occur in all cases and are produced because at least one alter has no contact with the others. The existence of different alters must also be chronic (long-lasting) and severe (causing considerable disruption in one’s life) Each alter must be quite complex, with its own behaviour patterns, memories and relationships; each determines the nature and acts of the individual when it is in command. Usually, the personalities are quite different, even opposites of one another. They may have different handedness, wear glasses with different prescriptions, and have allergies t different
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit