Class Notes (837,488)
Canada (510,274)
Psychology (6,261)
Psychology 1000 (2,472)
Dr.Mike (1,250)

Chapter 7 Key Terms

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology 1000

Chapter 7 Key Terms Anticipatory nausea and vomiting (ANV): classically conditioned nausea and vomiting that occur when cancer patients are exposed to stimuli associated with their treatment Applied behaviour analysis: a process (also called behaviour modification) in which operant conditioning is combined with scientific data collection to solve individual and societal problems Aversion therapy: the pairing of a CS that currently evokes a positive but maladaptive response with a noxious UCS in an attempt to condition repulsion toward the CS Avoidance conditioning: the conditioning of an organism to perform a response to avoid an undesirable consequence Chaining: an operant conditioning procedure used to develop a sequence (chain) of response by reinforcing each response with the opportunity to perform the next response Classical conditioning: a procedure in which a formerly neutral stimulus (the conditioned stimulus) comes to elicit a conditioned response by virtue of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus that naturally elicits a similar response ( the unconditioned response) Cognitive map: a mental representation of the spatial layout of an area Conditioned response (CR): in classical conditioning, a response to a conditioned stimulus; the CR is established by pairing a conditioned stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus that evokes a similar response Conditioned stimulus (CS): a neutral stimulus that comes to evoke a conditioned response after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus Conditioned taste aversion: a learned repulsion to a food that formerly was neutral or desired, by virtue of pairing the food with an aversive UCS (e.g. nausea, stomach illness) Continuous reinforcement schedule: a reinforcement schedule in which each correct response is followed by reinforcement Delay of gratification: the ability to forgo immediate rewards for delayed but more satisfying outcomes Discrimination (classical conditioning): the occurrence of a CR to one stimulus but not to another stimulus Discriminative stimulus: an antecedent stimulus that signals the likelihood of certain consequences if a response is made Escape conditioning: a form of learning in which the organism learns to perform a behaviour to escape from an aversive stimulus Exposure therapies: a therapeutic technique designed to extinguish anxiety responses by exposing clients to anxiety-arousing stimuli or situations while preventing escape or avoidance through response prevention Extinction (classical conditioning): weakening and eventual cessation of CR caused by the presentation of the CS without the UCS Extinction (operant conditioning): occurs when the absence of reinforcement for a previously reinforced response causes that response to weaken and eventually to stop Fixed-interval (FI) schedule: a reinforcement schedule in which the first correct response occurring after a constant time interval is reinforced Fixed-ratio (FR) schedule: a reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is given after a constant number of correct responses Habituation: a decrease in the strength of response to a repeated stimulus Higher-order conditioning: in classical conditioning, when a neutral stimulus becomes a CS after it is paired with another CS (rather than with the original UCS) Insight: in Gestalt psychology, the sudden perception of a useful relationship or a solution to a problem; in psychoanalysis, the conscious awareness of unconscious dynamics that underlie psychological problems Instinctive drift: the tendency for innate behaviours to override a conditioning procedure, thus making it difficult to create or maintain a conditioned response Latent learning: learning that occurs in the absence of reinforcement, but which is not displayed until reinforcement is later introd
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 1000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.