Class Notes (837,488)
Canada (510,274)
Psychology (6,261)
Psychology 1000 (2,472)

Chapter 10.docx

14 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

Chapter 10 SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 1. When language is interpreted in terms of knowledge and expectations it is referred to as: A. creativity. B. top-down processing. C. bottom-up processing. D. inductive reasoning. E. deductive reasoning. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 2. The smallest sound unit in language is referred to as: A. a morpheme B. a phoneme C. pragmatics D. syntax E. semantics DEFINING INTELLIGENCE  Intelligence is a set of abilities which allows us to o Acquire knowledge o To think rationally o Act purposefully o Deal effectively with the environment Intelligence can be thought of as a capacity rather than a thing THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE Spearman: a single unitary factor (g) -observed school grades -subjects were positively correlated (high mark in one = high in other) - so attributed to general intelligence or g Factor Analysis - reduces variables related to clusters - (called factors) A single unitary facor (g) a single unitary factor (g) with a single unitary factor - savant – below average intelligence but excel in one particular area - learning disabilities – usually effect only specific skills THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE Thurstone: 7 primary mental abilities - Performance on a task is more influenced by the specific abilities rather than a general intelligence THURSTONE: S - space V - Verbal W – word fluency (charmer or not) N – number facility (mathematics) P – perceptual speed (how quickly can you recognize a pattern) M - Rote memory (memorization skills) R – reasoning (solve analytical reasoning problem) GULIFORD – more than 100 distinct measurable mental abilities THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE CATTELL: intelligence - Ability to apply previously acquired info to a current problem - ability to deal with new problems - reason abstractly, think logically - adequate ST working memory (younger has stronger fluid intelligence and old have more crystallized intelligence and lose fluid intelligence)************************************************************** Most language Apply culturallyu functions acquired problem solving skills The Triarchic View of Intelligence Sternberg argues for 3 dimensions of intelligence: 1. Analytical: involves the kinds of academically oriented problem-solving skills asesed by traditional iq tests 2.Practical: the ability to use experiences in dealing with everyday tasks 3. Creative: the mental skills needed to deal with novel problems THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE Gardner: intelligence is composed as seven different domains      EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE: Daniel Goleman -A type of social intelligence that involves the ability to - monitor the emotions of yourself and others - discriminate among emotions - use the info to guide one’s thinking and actions Emotional intelligence: includes 5 domains INTRAPERSONAL (in ones self) - self-awareness - manage emotions - motivating oneself INTERPERSONAL ( between individuals) - recognizing others emotions - handling relationships Emotional Intelligence (can be learned) emotional intelligence than on traditional intelligence ations - long-term relationships - career success - physicians treatment of patients CREATIVITY – ability to produce work that is both original and appropriate • ability to see things in new ways • involves curiosity Creativity involves: - intellectual ability (ability to see problems in new ways) - knowledge of given field -thinking style (both globally and locally =top down and bottom up processing) - personality traits (take risks) -intrinsic motivation ( love for ones work) - supportive environment MEASURING CREATIVITY •Guilford’s Unusual Uses Test •Divergent thinking –trying to expand the range of alternatives by generating as many possible solutions •Convergent thinking – narrow down the list of alternatives to converge on a single correct answer •Contributes to, but does not constitute, creativity •Does creativity occur in a burst of insight? •Incubation Theory- • creativity depends on unconscious thought processes •Creative personality? • autonomous, introverted, open to new experiences •Creativity & mental illness • unusual thought processes • high motivation (mania) and high self confidence ASSESSING INTELLIGENCE ASSUMPTIONS • valued capacity • individual differences • can be defined and measured • can predict “real life” success/failure HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE SIR FRANCIS GALTON (Late 1800s) • “inherited mental constitutions” (biological basis for intelligence) • evolutionary perspective  Measured head circumference and perceptual speed • ALFRED BINET (early 1900s) (first iq) • established typical mental functioning of children at various ages MENTAL AGE = highest level of functioning HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE (William Stern) LIMITATIONS – problems measuring intelligence in adults (intelligence stabalises sometime after school) Part B SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 1. A type of intelligence that allows one to understand the feelings of oneself and others is referred to as: A. creativity. B. fluid intelligence. C. crystallized intelligence. D. emotional intelligence. E. None of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 2. The theorist that proposed that intelligence is best described as a unitary factor “g” was: A. Spearman B. Thurstone C. Cattell D. Guilford E. Gardner MEASURING INTELLIGENCE INTELLIGENCE TESTS Stanford-Binet (IQ)- reflects individuals performance relative to peers on mostly verbal items Wechlser Scales (WAIS-R, WISC) - measures verbal and performance intelligence *Culturally bias in intelligence tests Culture-fair tests: Raven progressive matrices test Wechlser (WAIS-R, WISC) VERBAL SCALES – left hemisphere functioning SUBTEST INDICATOR OF ______________________________________ Vocabulary Language master
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 1000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.