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Lecture 18

Psychology 1000 Lecture 18: March 16

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Psychology 1000

March 16 Up to 532 Joan has discovered a new drug that is successful in countering the harmful effects of stress. Most likely, this drug interferences with the production or action of – glucocortisoids and cortisol (different names for the same thing). **Remember to ask someone for notes from last lecture bc laptop died Post Traumatic Stress - Often seen in the following: - Torture, rape, horrible accident, war - Onset immediate or months later Treatment - Remove from traumatic situation - Educate survivors and family - Medication (Zoloft) - Exposure therapy is common/preferred - Training in coping How can you protect yourself from stress? Vulnerability and Protection - Social Support o Ability to rely on and talk to others o House et al.  Tracked 37,000 people  Those with weak social ties twice as likely to die o Pennebaker  Students asked to talk about traumatic or trivial events o When they talked about trauma  Higher immune functioning  50% few visits to campus health services in next 6 months - Hardiness o Can stand up to a lot - Coping self-efficacy o Ability to achieve the goal that you want o Coping – I can get through this, I can get through that - Optimism o Half full rather than half empty - Measure the above with personality tests - Lower risk for anxiety/depression – optimists live longer - Problem-focused coping o Confront and deal directly with demands of stressor - Emotion-focused coping o Manage the emotional response to stressor - The best one is problem-focused – if you deal with the demands, you will be better at handling the emotion o Don’t deal with the feeling – deal with the problem and then you will be dealing with the emotion at the same time Dealing with Stress - Recognize the symptoms - Change what you can…learn to live with the rest o You can’t deal with everything – can’t always control or change things - Relax and exercise - Talk… family, friends and pros - Don’t self-medicate - Take the time to smile Sigmund Freud - Born May 6, 1856 - Freiberg, Germany - House is now maintained as a museum - Eventually moved to Vienna, Austria - University of Vienna Medical School o He wanted to be a lawyer o But then read an article in Nature and got interested in the science of the brain o Gives up being a professor to be a doctor - Freud liked cocaine  - addicted to tobacco – that’s what killed him haha - Cocaine can be used as an anesthetic – but Koller got the credit for it  even though Freud discovered it - Koller wrote the paper 6 months before Freud - Freud becomes a lecturer in neural pathology - He wants to go to France to The Salpetiere because it has a glorious reputation - He wanted to study with Charcot o Charcot came up with the idea of a psychogenic disorder  Treated individuals in Paris with “hysteria”  Glove anesthesia – no feeling in your hand, but feeling in upper arm (anatomically impossible)  The reason they can’t feel anything in their hand is because their mind is not responding properly, not their brain  They don’t want to feel in their hand for some reason o Charcot had another way of treating people  Huge electricity generator  Watches people getting electrocuted - Freud goes back to Vienna and opens his own practice in Bergasse, Vienna - Still a lecturer in neural pathology, but trying to solve neural hysteria on the side - For some reason, people in Vienna cannot be hypnotized - His friend Fleece says, why don't you just talk to them o This is where psychoanalysis comes from o Him and Breuer finally perfected a case study o Cured people with psychogenic disorders through psychoanalysis - Freud sits in a chair off to the side – he doesn’t want to be in front of them o People are more likely to tell you what’s going on in their head if they’re not looking at you - Freud collected many antiques o Had the single largest of Egyptian relics outside of the museum in Cairo o Big believers in “myths” - Invited to give a presentation at the American Psychological Association o Outlines the psychodynamic approach
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