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Motivation 6.docx

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Psychology 1000

Motivation January, 24, 2013  Next Time: Emotion  Scan: Finish Chapter 11 (419 – 437)  Agenda: o Deception o Self-Regulation o Arousal  Questions: o How do we self-regulate? o Is arousal related to emotion? o Does arousal produce pleasure?  Nonverbal Channels o Paralanguage o Facial expressions o Body movement/position o Eye contact o Interpersonal distance  Interpersonal Distance o Use of physical space o Personal space o Hall’s interaction Zones  4 zones  Intimate zone within 0.5 meters (only intimate other)  Personal zone, 0.5 to 1.25 meter (most of the time)  Social zone, 1.25 to 3.5 meters (in social situations, don’t know the other person)  Public zone 3.5 to 7.5 meters (preferred distance) (when there’s unlimited space)  Subjected to culture, (cultural influenced)  Study:  Distance (tenth’s of an inch)  Scotland wants higher interaction distance, Greece has a relative low interaction distance  Deception o An act intended to foster a false belief in another  Intentional o Ekman (psychiatrist) and Friesen (1974) (study)  Notion of leakage  Nonverbal cues that “escape” attempts to conceal  When people lie, people control their face  People will leak from their body, cannot control body as well as face  When just seeing the body, deception detection can be 65%  But when we just see the face, deception detection is 50% o Accurate?  Average close to 55%  Change is 50% so that average is little bit more than chance  Sometimes if you just look at their face, without looking at their body one may not detect the lie o Some people better?  Kraut and Poe (1980)  … customs officials o Customs were told that people are carrying white powder bags the official’s got 40%, even worse than chance o Leach et al. (2009)  … police and customs officers with children o Women is better at lying, better at deceiving  So, how is this all related to emotion?  Motivation o What is it that makes organisms do what they do? o Control mechanisms  Positive or negative feedback  Basic Biological Control o 1. Orienting responses or taxes  Overall musculature response towards (positive) or away from (negative) a stimulus  Positive phototaxis in moth o 2. Homeostatic mechanisms  Maintaining a constant state  E.g. body temperature (37 degree Celsius)  Self-Regulation  Homeostatic Mechanisms  Importance of Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
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