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Nonverbal Behaviour 5.docx

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Psychology 1000

Nonverbal Behaviour January, 22, 2013  Next Time: Motivation  Scan: page 391 – 406  Agenda: o Paralanguage o Facial Expressions o Body Movement o Eye Contact o Interpersonal Distance  Question: o What are the major nonverbal channels? o Are emotions universal? o Is eye contact aversive?  Males have better hand eye coordination than females  Causes of Autism? o Brain damage likely o Courchesne (1991)  MRI scans show abnormally small cerebellum  Treatment? o Drugs not really effective o Intense social stimulation, care  Its good, and start young is even better, earlier the better o Effectiveness depends on IQ loss  BUT… o What is Intelligence?  Intelligence is Unitary o Galton o Spearman  Better statistics (factor analysis)  Looks for patterns of correlations  “g” general intelligence  Given an individual several tests, there’s going to be a strong correlation factor between all the tests “g”  Intelligence is Multiplex o Binet o Thurstone  “better” statistics  Independent primary mental abilities  No “g’ factor  Given an individual several tests there is no correlation between the tests, but there might be some off correlations between them, but not very strong  Thurstone: 7 Primary Abilities o Verbal comprehension o Verbal fluency o Computation o Spatial visualization o Associative memory o Perceptual speed o Reasoning  How many primary abilities are there? o Depends on number of tests and number of factors extracted  Thurstone -> 7  Guilford -> 120  Other Multiple Models o Cattel -> Fluid vs. Crystallized  Fluid is raw computation (decline as one grows older), crystal
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