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Social Development 11.docx

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Psychology 1000

Social Development February 12, 2013  Next Time: Attraction  Scan: page 516 0 522  Agenda: o Attachment o Freud’s Model o Erickson’s Approach  Question: o What are the results of Attachment? o What did Freud have to say about adult development? o Does anything happen after 18?  Attachment o The roots of social development o Special bond forms between infant and primary caregiver o But what accounts for the development of attachment? o Cupboard Theory: Freud  Attachment to mom is side – effect of her ability to provide basic satisfaction… food o Importance of contact comfort  Note:  Suggests that touch is very important for proper development o Kids like stuffed toys o Run to mom when frightened o Premature infants discharged sooner (Field, 1986) o Note: Bowlby  Built – in attachment seeking mechanism  Social interaction  Fear of the unknown o Free-floating anxiety  15months after birth  How to assess attachment? o See what happens when mom leaves  Mary Ainsworth o Ainworth’s Strange Situation  Children about 1 yr. old  Child explores new room with mom present  Stranger enters and talks to mom  Mom leaves room… stranger stays  Mom returns… stranger leaves o What does child do?  Securely Attached (67%)  Play with toys when mom present  Distress when mom leaves  Very happy when mom returns  Insecure (insecurely attached)  Anxious-Resistant o Don’t explore o Panicky when mom leaves o Ambivalent at return  Anxious-Avoidance o Distant, aloof when mom present o No distress o Ignore mom  Predictive? o Ainsworth  Stable characteristics o Waters et. Al. (1979)  Securely attached at 15 months judged outgoing, popular, adjusted at 3.5 years old  Adult Relationships? o Feeney and Noller (1990)  Avoidant subjects report never having been in love  Secure subjects report enduring relationships o Butzer and Campbell (2008)  Quality of sexual relationships and attachment – style measures
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