February 12, 2013
Next Time: Attraction
Scan: page 516 0 522
o Freud’s Model
o Erickson’s Approach
o What are the results of Attachment?
o What did Freud have to say about adult development?
o Does anything happen after 18?
o The roots of social development
o Special bond forms between infant and primary caregiver
o But what accounts for the development of attachment?
o Cupboard Theory: Freud
Attachment to mom is side – effect of her ability to provide basic satisfaction…
o Importance of contact comfort
Suggests that touch is very important for proper development
o Kids like stuffed toys
o Run to mom when frightened
o Premature infants discharged sooner (Field, 1986)
o Note: Bowlby
Built – in attachment seeking mechanism
Fear of the unknown
o Free-floating anxiety
15months after birth
How to assess attachment?
o See what happens when mom leaves
o Ainworth’s Strange Situation
Children about 1 yr. old
Child explores new room with mom present
Stranger enters and talks to mom
Mom leaves room… stranger stays
Mom returns… stranger leaves o What does child do?
Securely Attached (67%)
Play with toys when mom present
Distress when mom leaves
Very happy when mom returns
Insecure (insecurely attached)
o Don’t explore
o Panicky when mom leaves
o Ambivalent at return
o Distant, aloof when mom present
o No distress
o Ignore mom
o Waters et. Al. (1979)
Securely attached at 15 months judged outgoing, popular, adjusted at 3.5 years
o Feeney and Noller (1990)
Avoidant subjects report never having been in love
Secure subjects report enduring relationships
o Butzer and Campbell (2008)
Quality of sexual relationships and attachment – style measures