Class Notes (839,590)
Canada (511,419)
Psychology (6,277)
Psychology 1000 (2,472)
Dr.Mike (1,250)
Lecture

Emotion 7.docx

4 Pages
46 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Emotion January, 29, 2013  Next Time: Cognitive Development  Scan: page 439 – 450  Do discussion number 3!!! Due February 8  Agenda: o Theories of Emotion o Brain Structures o Lateralization  Questions: o How do we experience emotion? o Is arousal necessary? o What is the role of the brain structures? o Are there any hemispheric differences?  Stimulation of adrenal medulla (above kidney) (endocrine) o -> adrenaline (epinephrine)  Note: o Antagonist nature of SNS and PSNS  When one is activated, it inhibits the other one  Rebound effect o Reticular Activating System  RAS  “activates” cortex  Triggering the RAS o 1. Collateral sensory information  Non specific o 2. Cortical Feedback  More the cortical is aroused, it fires even faster and faster  Arousing the brain o Note:  RAS vs. SNS (sympathetic nervous system)  Diffuse activation systems o everywhere  Adrenergic (NE)  Antagonists  Emotion and Arousal o Darwin: expression intensifies experience  Arousal is positively related to expression o Freud: expression reduces experience  Arousal is negatively related to expression o SUPPORT?  Tourangeau and Ellsworth (1979)  Highly aroused subjects show little expressiveness  Supports Freud  Supporting Darwin,  Facial feedback hypothesis o E.g., Izard, 1977  “Updated” James- Lange Theory  Common Sense Theory o Emotion-provoking events -> perception (danger) -> Perception of emotion (fear) -> bodily arousal  Arousal is at the end, when we figure out everything  James-Lange Theory o Emotion-provoking events -> Perception (danger) -> Bodily arousal -> Perception of emotion (fear)  Arousal before emotion, arousal is necessary to feel the emotions  Izard: Facial Feedback o Changes in facial expression responsible for distinct emotion o Number of studies indicate that adopting appropriate expression yields emotion  Larid (1974) o Subjects asked to tense and relax muscles (face) o Smile or frown o Self-reported happiness is higher in smile group o Self-reported anger higher in frown group o Stimuli seen as funnier for smile group etc…  Strack et al. (1988) o Holding pencil in teeth or lips  Ekman, Levenson and Friesen (1983) o Explicit instructions following Ekman’s coding system o Measure ANS activity  Heart Rate  High o Skin temperature  High -> anger  Low -> fear, sad  Low o Happy o Disgust o Surprise  Is movement of facial muscles really necessary?  Note: Ideal test o Evaluate patient with bilateral facial paralysis o Pat
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit