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psych chapter 12b part 1.docx

4 Pages

Course Code
Psychology 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

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The Daycare Controversy High quality day care provides:  Stimulating environment with well trained caretakers  Few children per caretaker  Low staff turnover Daycare and attachment High quality daycare did not disrupt the attachment to the parents Risk of insecure attachment if:  Child care poor  Child spent many hours at a poor daycare  Parents insensitive to child at home Daycare and social behaviour No significant differences through age 4 ½ More behaviour problems by age 4 1/2, but leave by grade 3 Daycare and cognitive performance Among children in daycare:  Higher quality day care associated with better cognitive performance After school care: regardless type of care, the most important thing is the secure attachment to the parents. The effects of divorce on children Stats Canada- divorce rate is 40% by 30 anniversary, and many other separated. Overall patter of maladjustment in 10% of children from non divorced families 20-25% of children of divorced families. The effects of divorce on children Overall pattern of maladjustment Long term: greater risk of academic problems, troubled relationships with peers, low self esteem and depression. As adolescents: more likely to drop out of school be unemployed use drugs, and becoming unmarried teen parents As adults: more conflict in relationships, unemployment, depression, and higher divorce rate. Moral reasoning Childhood through adolescence: -pre conventional to conventional reasoning Adolescence and even adulthood -post conventional reasoning is uncommon *a persons moral judgement does not reflect the same stage. Critisims of Kholberg’s theory Western cultural bias- with its focus on fairness and justice Male bias- with its emphasis on justice, Gillian (1982) indicates that women place more emphasis on caring and other’s welfare. But evidence of gender bias is mixed Moral behaviour and conscience Moral reasoning doesn't always lead to normal behaviour  Age 2: children understand there are rules and feel guilty if the reak a known rule. Devlopment of implulse control is also necessary.  Conscience: internal regulatory mechanism even when not observed by adults and others. Freud and conscience Superego (conscience): develops resolution of the oedipal complex Mant critics disagree with freud but do agree that children internalize their values from their parents if:  Positive relationship with parent  Parents establish clear rules  Discipline is firm but not harsh Conscience and temperament  Fearful inhibited children: internalize parental values more easile and at an earlie
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