Psychology Lecture 35, pg. 516 – 522
Attachment, Freud’s Psychosexual Model, Erickson’s Psychosocial Model
What are the results of attachment?
What did Freud have to say about adult development?
Does anything happen after 18?
o Built in attachment seeking mechanism (go to mum)
Fear of the unknown
Free floating anxiety
How to assess attachment?
o See what happens when mom leaves
Mom leaves and stranger enters
Mom then returns and then stranger leaves
o What does the child do?
Securely attached (67% of kids)
Plays with toys when mom present
Distress when mom leaves
Very happy when mom returns
o Don’t explre
o Paniky when mom leaves
o Ambivalent at return
o Distant, aloof
o No distress
o Ignore mom
o Stable characterstic
Waters et. Al.
o Securely attached at 15 months judged outgoing, popular and
adjusted at 3.5 years
Avoidant subjects report never having been in love
Secure subjects report enduring relationships
o Butzer and Campbell
Quality of sexual relationship and attachment, style measures
116 married couples in London measured The higher level of avoidance and anxiety, less sexual satisfaction
o Collins and Read
Quality of relationships and attachment style measures
What about dad?
o Similar results in stranger situation, but not as strong
Mom -> security and comfort
Dad -> preferred playmate