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Psychology Lecture 40.docx

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Psychology 1000

Psychology Lecture 40: Freud II Model of Mind, Defense Mechanism, Tapping the Unconscious  What is Freud’s model of the mind and personality?  How does an individual deal with extreme anxiety?  How can you get information about the unconscious mind?  Psychodynamic Theory o Id – urges o Ego – manager o Superego – morality o Difficult position of ego o Id and superego are often in conflict o If ego obeys superego  Id may not be satisfied o If ego follows id  Superego may punish  Unconsious conflict o Interaction of Id, Ego and Superego results in constant struggle  Causes anxiety o Ego  Reality anxiety  Fear of real world threats  Neurotic anxiety  Fear of Id’s desires  Moral anxiety  Fear of guilt  Anxiety is very unpleasant o Avoid or reduce it o If threat is in real world, flee and avoid o Rational move by Ego  What about threat from within? o Really want forbidden object or behavior o Cant stop thinking about it  Remove it from consciousness  Repression  For id, thinking and doing are the same o Ego must control the thought o Devote some mental energy to keep thought out of awareness o Ego uses repression as defense mechanism  Other defense mechanisms o Repression often incomplete o Takes energy o Urges re-surface with anxiety  Displacement o When Id cannot achieve primary goal, a secondary goal is fashioned as outlet  Displaced aggression  Sublimation o Urge redirected in line with Superego  Art  Sports  Reaction formation o With displacement, urge rec-channelled to safest route o May have to block up urge completely o Here, repressed wish
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