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Psychology Lecture 41.docx

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Psychology Lecture 41: Mental Disorders Humanistic Model, History of Mental Disorders, Mood Disorders  How deos the humanistic perspective differ from Freud?  How do we classify mental disorders?  What are the symptoms of a mood disorder?  Critique and Assessment of Freud o Limited data  His theories are built on a select population o Bias  Analyst hardly an objective observer  Looking for things that will confirm his theory o Conceptual  Vague terms  How can you test for these Id, Ego and such?  Evidence for Freud o Unconscious processing  Semantic priming effect o Repression  Memory lapses during therapy  Evidence against Freud o Dreams  Thirsty subjects awaken during REM do not dream of drinking o Anthropological Evidence  Oeidipus Complex not universal  Freud is not going away o Notion of internal unconscious conflict  We do not completely know ourselves o Scope of theory  Theory of humanity that covers biology, art, humor, the family…  Humanistic Perspective o Focus on inherent goodness o Strive for self-actualization o Carl Rogers  The Self  Organized, consistent set of belief and perceptions  Self Consistency  No internal conflicts  Congruence  No internal external conflicts  Inconsistency or non congruence is a threat  Well adjusted can modify  Deny or ignore  Problems in living o Need for positive regard  Unconditional positive regard from parents and self  To be fully functioning person, you must have positive self regard  Useful Approach? o High self-esteem related to positive social life and happiness o Support for self-verification and self-enhancement o Very positive view of human nature o Subjective, relies on person’s self report o Difficult to define or predict what will be a self actualizing tendency, becomes equal to behavior  Other perspectives o Trait perspective  Eysenck  Cattel  Big five o Social Cognitive Approach  Rotter  Bandura  Mental Disorders o Mental illness not always considered mental or illness  In the past it was regarded as possession or witchcraft o 5000 BC Egypt  Evil spirits inhabit your brain  Evil spirits released by trephining  Punch a hole in your skull
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