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Chapter 9 - Intelligence - day 1 dr. mikes powerpoint as well as addition things mentioned

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Psychology 1000

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Chapter 9 -Intelligence  History  Psychometric Approach  Bias Next Time: More Intelligence Read 385-398 What is intelligence? How do you measure intelligence? Are IQ tests biased? Consider the following sentence "smoking volcanoes can be bad for your health". According to Chomsky, this sentence has: 2 deep and 1 surface structure - meaning that could be there What is intelligence?  A host of abilities (memory, creativity, etc)  What a test measures o Pop out numbers - that measure intelligence o Different tests measure different things  But tests can be misleading o Make sure everything is being covered o May not give all the things you need  Several studies indicate that unschooled people in remote villages can solve syllogisms o Eg. All cats have 4 legs. I have four legs. Therefore, I am a cat. o If you don’t have any remote schooling, you will not be able to solve these  Suggests that preliterate people do not (or can not) use logical analysis o Some may say they are not as intelligent as other people o Understand what that culture is all about before assuming this Scribner(1977)  All Kpelle men are rice farmers, Mr. Smith is not a rice farmer. Is he a Kpelle man? o Why cant they tell you   They don’t know him  Make a prediction - they don’t talk about things they know nothing about  Such an intelligent answer that is not captured through logical approach  Ecological approach o To understand all views Psychometric Approach Galton (1869)  Relatives of intelligent people - is there a biological connection?  o Yes there is   Starts research program to identify those with low ability  Measures simple motor and sensory abilities  Believes that intelligence was unitary(mental quickness) o Unitary: he thought it was a single thing  Develops correlation coefficient  Results disappointing for him o He didn’t find a lot of correlations Binet  Request from French government (public school mandatory)  They wanted him to go in and access the ability of people in these public schools  Belief that intelligence was "a collection of higher-order abilities"
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