How do we solve problems?
What is intelligence?
How do you measure intelligence?
2. Insensitivity to sample size
4. Concrete Information
5. Framing Effects
Sternberg & Davidson (1982)
Correct solutions to “insight” problems involve
1. Selective encoding
2. Selective combination
3. Selective comparison
Intelligence – What is “Intelligence”?
A host of abilities (memory, creativity, etc.…)
What a test measures
But tests can be misleading
Several studies indicate that unschooled people in remote villages cannot
Suggests that preliterate people do not (or can not) use logical analysis
All Kpelle men are rice farmers; Mr. Smith is not rice farmer. Is he a Kpelle
man? Ecological approach
Psychometric Approach – Galton
1869 Relatives of intelligent people
Measures simple motor and sensory abilities
Believes that intelligence was unitary (mental quickness)
Develops Correlation Coefficient
Results disappointing Binet
Request from French government (public school mandatory