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Mental Disorders.docx

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Mental Disorders Humanistic Model History of Mental Disorders Mood Disorders How does the humanistic perspective differ from Freud? How do we classify mental disorders? What are the symptoms of a mood disorder? Critique and Assessment A. Limited Data a. Theory built on select population B. Bias a. Analyst hardly an objective observer C. Conceptual a. Vague terms b. Test? Evidence for Freud A. Unconscious Processing a. Semantic priming theory B. Repression a. Memory lapses during therapy Evidence Against Freud A. Dreams a. Thirsty subjects awoken during REM do not dream of drinking B. Anthropological Evidence a. Oedipus complex not universal, e.g. Trobriand Islanders Why Freud is Important 1. Notion of internal unconscious conflict a. We do not completely know ourselves 2. Scope of theory a. Theory of humanity that covers biology, art, humor, the family… Humanistic Perspective  Focus on inherent “goodness”  Strive for self-actualization Carl Rogers  The Self o Organized, consistent set of belief and perceptions  Self-consistency o No internal conflicts  Congruence o No internal-external conflicts  Inconsistency or non-congruence o Threat  Well adjusted  modify  Deny or ignore o Problems in living  Need for positive regard o Unconditional positive regard from parents (and self)  No  Conditions of worth  Yes  Fully function
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