Model of Mind
Tapping the Unconscious
What is Freud’s model of the mind and personality?
How does an individual deal with extreme anxiety?
How can you get information about the unconscious mind?
Interaction of ID, EGO, and SUPEREGO results in constant struggle
o Fear of real world threats
o Fear of ID’s desires
o Fear of guilt
Anxiety is very unpleasant
Avoid or reduce
If threat is in real world, flee and avoid
Rational move by EGO
What about threat from within?
Really want forbidden object or behaviour
Can’t stop thinking about it Remove from consciousness
For ID, thinking and doing are the same
EGO must control the thought
Devote some mental energy to keep thought (memories, feelings, etc.) out of
EGO uses repression as Defense mechanism
Other Defense Mechanisms
Repression often incomplete
Urges re-surface with anxiety
EGO needs reinforcement
a. When ID can not achieve primary goal, a secondary goal is
fashioned as outlet
b. Displaced aggression c. Not always negative
i. Urge redirected in line with SUPEREGO
B. Reaction Formation