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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - What is Psychology (continued).docx

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Psychology 1000 What is Psychology? September 13, 2012 Next Time: Methods Scan: Chapter 2: pg. 44-67  What do psychologists do?  Who are the pioneers of psychology?  How do we determine which claims about psychology are valid?  Latent inhibition tells us what a stimulate is familiar to you, it’s harder to associate than if the stimulate is complete foreign  Low latent inhibition refers to an individual’s low ability to filter out specific information  Results in mental issues or hyper-creativity  How to read from a textbook (Fleet et al. 2006):  Think about background information  Survey titles, headings, etc.  Outline the chapter  Decide how much you will read  As you start, look at the heading and ask “what is this about?”  Look at the layout for clues (bold)  Look for the “big picture”  Paraphrase section… put notes in margin… key words, concepts  Make summary notes  Make up test questions  Basic Time Management  Identify your “best time” for study  Study difficult subjects first  Use distributed learning – it’s better to study an hour a night all week rather than 5 hours straight  Make sure the environment is supportive  Set time for your social life  Set time to sleep & eat  Combine activities  Psychology: whatever psychologists do  Clinical (43%)  Therapists in a hospital or clinical setting, research psychologists etc.  Counseling (11%)  Deal with “normal” behaviour, rather than “abnormal” behaviour  Developmental (4% ) Psychology 1000 What is Psychology? September 13, 2012  Concerned with what happens from the time when an organism is born, until a the organism becomes an adult; interested in aging & child development  Educational (5%)  Concerned with education system; research what are good ways to teach and learn and ways to better learning environments  Experimental (8%)  Learning, memory, information processing  Industrial/Organizational (7%)  Factors involving the workplace; employee retention, etc.  Personality (2%)  Traits, personality, developing scales to measure it  School (7%)  Talk about school & education-related kinds of things; see students, in a school setting rather than a university setting  Social (4%)  Social interpersonal relations: aggression, attraction, conformity, etc.  Others (9%)  i.e. legal aspects like jury selection Pioneers of Psychology  Rene Descartes  Mathematician/philosopher  Came up with the reflex arc  Thought that nerves worked through animal spirits  Gustav Fechner  Mathematician/philosopher  “How many angels can fit on a pin”  Designed was of how to measure psychological properties  Wilhelm Wundt  Often credited as the father of psychology  Was a structuralist  William James  Claimed that he founded psychology and that he developed the first psychology lab; however Wundt was actually the first by approx. 2 months  Was a functionalist  Wrote the very first textbook for psychology: 1881  Mary Calkins  Working as instructor in a US university and saw what James was doing at Harvard and wanted to study there Psychology 1000 What is Psychology? September 13, 201
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