Psychology 1000 What is Psychology? September 13, 2012
Next Time: Methods
Scan: Chapter 2: pg. 44-67
What do psychologists do?
Who are the pioneers of psychology?
How do we determine which claims about psychology are valid?
Latent inhibition tells us what a stimulate is familiar to you, it’s harder to associate than if the
stimulate is complete foreign
Low latent inhibition refers to an individual’s low ability to filter out specific information
Results in mental issues or hyper-creativity
How to read from a textbook (Fleet et al. 2006):
Think about background information
Survey titles, headings, etc.
Outline the chapter
Decide how much you will read
As you start, look at the heading and ask “what is this about?”
Look at the layout for clues (bold)
Look for the “big picture”
Paraphrase section… put notes in margin… key words, concepts
Make summary notes
Make up test questions
Basic Time Management
Identify your “best time” for study
Study difficult subjects first
Use distributed learning – it’s better to study an hour a night all week rather than 5 hours
Make sure the environment is supportive
Set time for your social life
Set time to sleep & eat
Psychology: whatever psychologists do
Therapists in a hospital or clinical setting, research psychologists etc.
Deal with “normal” behaviour, rather than “abnormal” behaviour
Developmental (4% ) Psychology 1000 What is Psychology? September 13, 2012
Concerned with what happens from the time when an organism is born, until a the organism
becomes an adult; interested in aging & child development
Concerned with education system; research what are good ways to teach and learn and
ways to better learning environments
Learning, memory, information processing
Factors involving the workplace; employee retention, etc.
Traits, personality, developing scales to measure it
Talk about school & education-related kinds of things; see students, in a school setting
rather than a university setting
Social interpersonal relations: aggression, attraction, conformity, etc.
i.e. legal aspects like jury selection
Pioneers of Psychology
Came up with the reflex arc
Thought that nerves worked through animal spirits
“How many angels can fit on a pin”
Designed was of how to measure psychological properties
Often credited as the father of psychology
Was a structuralist
Claimed that he founded psychology and that he developed the first psychology lab; however
Wundt was actually the first by approx. 2 months
Was a functionalist
Wrote the very first textbook for psychology: 1881
Working as instructor in a US university and saw what James was doing at Harvard and wanted
to study there Psychology 1000 What is Psychology? September 13, 201