Class Notes (836,053)
Canada (509,597)
Psychology (6,254)
Psychology 1000 (2,471)
Lecture

Psychology. Lecture 1. September 12.docx

5 Pages
39 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog
Semester
Winter

Description
Psychology. Lecture 1. September 12 What is Psychology? - study of behaviour - study of the mind and brain - thoughts and feelings - cognitive processes - scientific study of the brain and mind and the relationship - memory, consciousness, normal vs. abnormal Over justification: the more we reward for something the less enjoyable it is Social Loafing: exerting more effort when you’re alone Bystander effect: the more people present, the less likely you are to get help Halo effect: more attractive, the better ideas we have of them Psyche: should, spirit, self or life -ology: branch of knowledge Goals: - describe, understand, predict and control Roots - philosophy - natural science Philosophical Perspectives - nativism - knowledge is innate and inherited - hereditary factors - nature - empiricism - knowledge gained through observation and senses - nurture - should only study what you can observe - rationalism - knowledge gained through logic and reasoning Philisophical Influences - Aristotle - empericim - knowledge through experience - john Locke - learn through the environment and senses - empiricist - 'tabua rasa' (blank slate) Natural Sciences - Gall - phrenology - bumps in skull - overdeveloped brain regions - craniscopy - know a person’s personality from the bumps on a skull - localized brain regions for behaviour - Flourens - entire brain worked together to produce general functions - not localized areas - now we know that they are both partly right - Darwin - natural selection - 'survival of the fittest' - strong genes would survive through generations and weak genes would be withered out - nothing special about humans - humans can be studied scientifically - Ivan Sechenov - physiologist - all complex behaviour can be explained through reflexes - not possible - brain and physiology Wilhelm Wundt - 1879*** 1st psych lab - founder of structuralism - break down the mind into basic components - structure and components of consciousness and mind - introspection, stimuli and ask participants to talk about how they feel and what they’re experiencing - subjective (no validation, interpret things differently) - used the same cognitive phenomena cognitive psychologist study today - memory Hermann von Ebbinghaus - first rigorous empirical study of cognitive phenomena -memory of forgetting -nonsense syllabus and present to individual to remember them and then watch how fast they forgot (3 syllabus that do not make word p q i) William James - functionalism - fascinated with darwin - studied 'function or purposes' o consciousness and mental process in adapting to the environment John Watson - rise of behaviorism - empiricist - claim to develop empiricism (Aristotle) - affect of the environment ND the behavior - only study what we can observe - all behaviour is learned - can turn any infant into whatever he wanted by altering the environment Wolfgang Kohler - gestalt psychology - how are elements of experience organized into whole experiences? - the whole is
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 1000

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit