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Lecture

Psych Term 2 Lec 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Semester
Fall

Description
05/10/2012 What are the characteristics of language? What is the syntax of language? Language and learning? Semanticity Meaningful Generativity Ability to use finite number of words and ruls to produce infinite number of sentences Displacement Convey information about other times and places Organization Language is structured Sentence – The strangers left. Phrase – The strangers Words – The                strangers Morpheme ­                 strange      er      s   (meaning) Phoneme ­                   streynj       er       z   (pronunciation)  Phonemes Basic Units:  English ­> 45 Hawaiian ­> 13 Morphemes: meaningful units On exam: given word, pull it apart, determine morphenes, etc.. each change in meaning is a morphene. Words Good, unabridged dictionary – 250 K to 300 K  Student vocabulary – 150 K Most anything in English can be said with a vocabulary of 850 words Telephone conversations: 96% of “talk” made up of 737 words Correlation word frequency and word length = ­ 0.75 Basically means longer a word is the less likely you are to use it. Syntax Arranging the elements in a “meaningful” way Proper Structure Importance of grammar  1. Colourless greenideas sleep furiously. Doesn’t make sense 2. Make me a coffee can have 2 interpretations 3.  The French bottle smells Organization can affect meaning ie. Putting the French bottle together or putting the French separate from  bottle.  “Bloopers” Prostitutes appeal to pope. Police help murder victims. Suicide more common than thought. American sentenced to life in Scotland. Teenage pregnancy a mounting problem. Breakdown in syntax. Meant to say one thing but says another.  Humour – breaking down syntax for double meanings happens often. Comes with formal thinking 1. Order, o
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