What are the characteristics of language?
What is the syntax of language?
Language and learning?
Ability to use finite number of words and ruls to produce infinite number of sentences
Convey information about other times and places
Language is structured
Sentence – The strangers left. Phrase – The strangers
Words – The strangers
Morpheme strange er s (meaning)
Phoneme streynj er z (pronunciation)
English > 45
Hawaiian > 13
Morphemes: meaningful units
On exam: given word, pull it apart, determine morphenes, etc.. each change in meaning is a morphene.
Good, unabridged dictionary – 250 K to 300 K
Student vocabulary – 150 K
Most anything in English can be said with a vocabulary of 850 words
Telephone conversations: 96% of “talk” made up of 737 words Correlation word frequency and word length = 0.75
Basically means longer a word is the less likely you are to use it.
Arranging the elements in a “meaningful” way
Importance of grammar
1. Colourless greenideas sleep furiously.
Doesn’t make sense
2. Make me a coffee
can have 2 interpretations
The French bottle smells
Organization can affect meaning ie. Putting the French bottle together or putting the French separate from
Prostitutes appeal to pope.
Police help murder victims.
Suicide more common than thought.
American sentenced to life in Scotland.
Teenage pregnancy a mounting problem.
Breakdown in syntax. Meant to say one thing but says another.
Humour – breaking down syntax for double meanings happens often.
Comes with formal thinking
1. Order, o