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Psych Term 2 March 27.docx

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Psychology 1000

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05/10/2012 Mental Disorders Depression and Mania Causes of Mood Disorders Symptoms of Schizophrenia What are the major symtoms of major depression? How do various perspectives explain depression? What are the symptoms of schizophreania? Psychological Disorders Anxiety Disorders Generalized anxiety disorder Phobic disorders Obsessive compulsive Disorders PTSD Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Amnesia Fugue Multiple personality Mood Disorders Major depression Bipolar disorder Schizophrenic Disorders Personality Disorders Mood Disorders Characterized by disturbance in mood (affect) rather than thought “high” ▯ mania “low” ▯ depression Unipolar or Major Depression Patient experiences only the despair of depression 10% of men and 20% of women Bipolar (manic depressive psychosis) Patient swings from one extreme to the other (1%) About 10 episodes of each state during life Untreated, each phase can last months Rapid cycler (20%) 4 or more swings per year…but some people shift daily Mania Problem? Mild, maybe not Mental high gear But Jumps from one thing to another Unable to sit still Jumps from unbounded elation to intense irritation Acute form Endless talk No inhibitions Grandiose plans Insomnia Ceaseless torrent of activity Sedation Consider: Clifford Beers Major Depression Polar opposite Patient appears utterly dejected, hopeless, worthless May be hallucinations or delusions in severe case Loss of appetite Sleep disturbance Fatigue Little, if any, interest in sex Suicide Suicide WHO: suicide every 40 seconds Official North American Rate: 32 000 per year 87.9 per day 1 person every 16.5 min Estimate: 100 000 per year International ( per 100 000) England is least, France is highest (20.8) , Canada/USA in the middle ish (11 – 13)  Higher rates in Europe Risk for suicide low while patient is in worst depression Apathy Risk increases as patient comes out of depression Rates highest n weekend leaves and shortly after discharge Etiology Genetic Bipolar disorder Concordance for identical twins 4 times that of fraternals Biological parents 
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