Tuesday Sept 20, 2011
Psychology Week 2 Lecture
1. Definition of psychology
2. Methods of psychology
Definition of Psychology – Psychology is the study of the mind, in a sense of the
visible indicators of this said ‘mind’. It is the study of mental processes, cognition,
thought and thinking. It studies behaviour and responses to the surrounding
environment and situation as well as society. It relates to personality as well as
mental disorders and abnormalities. The most concise definition is the study of
human and animal behaviour. Learning perspectives believe measurements of
observations are still valuable. Reaction (behaviour) is a function of stimuli (the r-s
model). Then the more complicated cognitive perspective model was developed,
Stimulus Organism Response S-O-R model, which means the response is a function
of the stimuli and the organism.
Animal testing in Psychology- 5 reasons for studying animals page 67
- To conduct basic research on a particular species.
- To discover practical applications.
- To study issues that cannot be studied experimentally with human beings
because of practical or ethical considerations.
- To clarify theoretical questions.
- To improve human and animal welfare.
While most research done by psychologists pertains to humans they also greatly
study animals. They study animals to study evolutionary behaviour and if it has