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Psychology 1000: Chapter 1

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Psychology 1000

Chapter 1 The Science of BehaviourTuesday September 9 20141158 PMTHE NATURE OF PSYCHOLOGYPsychology is the scientific study of behaviour and the mind Behaviour The actions and responses that we can directly observeMind Internal states and processes such as feelings Most people think of Therapists the first time they hear PsychologyoThis is a subfield called Clinical PsychologyThe study and treatment of mental disorders Many other psychologists have no connection with Therapy Cognitive PsychologySpecializes in the study of mental processes Views the mind as an information processerExamine topics such as memory consciousness decision making and problem solvingBiopsychologyNeuroscieFocuses on the underpinnings of behaviournceHow brain processes genes and hormones influence our actionsAlso looks at how evolutionhas shaped psychological capabilitiesDevelopmental Exams psychological and social development Psychologyacross life spansSome study infants while others look at how different parenting styles affect childrenExperimental PsychologyFocuses on basic processes such as learning sensory systems perception and motivational states Motivational states Hunger thirst libido etcIndustrialOrganizational Examines peoples behaviour in the PsychologyworkplaceStudy leadership teamwork and factors that influence job satisfactionHelp employers find the best job applicants through tests and design systems that evaluate employees performancePersonality PsychologyFocuses on the study of human personalityIdentify core personality traits and how different traits relate to one anotherSocial PsychologyExamines peoples thoughts feelings and behaviour pertaining to the social world the world of other people Study how people influence each other behave in groups form impressions and attitudes Note that topics studied in different subfields often overlap
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