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Lecture

What is Religion?

2 Pages
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Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
Religious Studies 1023E
Professor
Corrine Walsh

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Religious Reading 2- Important Terms/Key Words
Anthropology-
the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological
characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
Cosmology
The science of the origin and development of the universe.
Descriptive Reduction-
1.The failure to indentify an emotion, practice or experience under description
which subject identifies with
2.to describe a religious experience in non-religious words is to mis-describe it.
Explanatory Reduction
An explanation of a religious experience that might no meet the approval of the
religious subject studied.
Emile Durkeim; definition of religion
“A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things,
i.e., things set apart and forbidden--beliefs and practices which unite in one single
moral community called a church, all those who adhere to them”
Functionalism
in regard to religious studies, is the analysis of religions and their various
communities of adherents using the functions of particular religious phenomena to
interpret the structure of religious communities and their beliefs.
Genetic Fallacy
genetic fallacy is an informal fallacy which is committed in two situations: first,
whenever someone argues that because something started out with certain
qualities, then it must continue to have those qualities; second, that because
something currently has certain qualities, then it must have started out with those
qualities…. Absolute infinite
Gordon Allport
makes a distinction between Mature religion and Immature religion. Mature
religious sentiment is how Allport characterized the person whose approach to
religion is dynamic, open-minded, and able to maintain links between
inconsistencies. In contrast, immature religion is self-serving and generally
represents the negative stereotypes that people have about religion.
Hermeneutics
The science of interpreting text

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Description
Religious Reading 2- Important Terms/Key Words Anthropology- the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind. Cosmology The science of the origin and development of the universe. Descriptive Reduction- 1.The failure to indentify an emotion, practice or experience under description which subject identifies with 2.to describe a religious experience in non-religious words is to mis-describe it. Explanatory Reduction An explanation of a religious experience that might no meet the approval of the religious subject studied. Emile Durkeim; definition of religion “A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, i.e., things set apart and forbidden--beliefs and practices which unite in one single moral community called a church, all those who adhere to them” Functionalism in regard to religious studies, is the analysis of religions and their various communities of adherents using the functions of particular religious phenomena to interpret the structure of religious communities and their beliefs. Genetic Fallacy genetic fallacy is an informal fallacy which is committed in two situations: first, whenever someone argues that because something started out with certain qualities, then it must continue to have those qualities; second, that because something currently has certain qualities, then it must have started out with those qualities…. Absolute infinite Gordon Allport makes a distinction between Mature religion and Immature religion. Mature religious sentiment is how A
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