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Lecture

Buddhism

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
Religious Studies 1023E
Professor
Corrine Walsh
Semester
Fall

Description
Buddhism 10/16/2012 3:07:00 PM It would be question from video sheet…the sacred “What are the three that constitue the sacred Buddhism developed as an alternative to the ritual-bound Brahmanism of India in the 6th century BCE Base on premise that -all of life is suffering -Salvation from suffering lies in our own efforts -In understanding how we can create suffering for ourselves we can become free Founded religion- Siddharta Gautama Buddhism’s Sacred Myths: The life of the Buddha -Born c.563 BCE as Siddhartha Gautama -Prince- son of wealthy landowner, a kshatriya chief, who tried to protect his son from the world -According to birth legends, born of miraculous conception -Sage foretold Siddhartha would become either an ascetic or supreme monarch -Queen Maya(mother) an elephant entered into her side and he was conceived -four angels drops him onto a golden woven thing -children takes seven steps into the world saying “I am here for enlightenment, this is my last birth” -Similarly, people who are writing about his life take place later on, more of the teaching/ general message he had to say Four Passing Sights -Sickness -Old Age -Death -Sannyasin (hermit-renounces world, finds spiritual path) -The Great Going Forth -The Great Renunciation -At age of 29, Siddhartha renounced life of wealth to become a wandering ascetic -Initially, spiritual progress was elusive -Decided to practice the Middle Way and Experienced Supreme Enlightenment Enlightenment -Great Resolution -Attains Buddhahood- ‘radiated light’, becamse a ‘buddha’ -No longer a sattva(being,person) striving for bodhi(state of complete awareness, of total insight into the nature of reality); rather, he is now a Buddha (‘a fully enlightened one’) “There are many Buddhas before me, and will be many Buddhas in the future” “All living things have the Buddha nature and can become Buddhas” ON nirvana “It is recognized there is nothing but what is seen of the mind itself; where,recognizing the nature of the self-mind, one no longer cherishes the dualisms of discrimination; where there is the thirst nor grasping; where there is no more attachment to external things” Key Concepts Rejection of notion of atman,Brahman,varna,authority of Brahmins, and Vedic scriptures What is human existence? What does it mean to be human? Five Aggregates of the Self (5 skandhas)-the self is the aggregate of five elements -Physical matter -Feelings or sensations -Perceptual activity -Impulses to action, -Bits of consciousness(Karma is attached) Anatman -no ‘self’-Buddhist doctrine that there is no permanent, absolute self used example of candles – one lit, one unlit- take one over and light the other one, they are different bit connected Three Marks of Reality: Constant change -Anitya- everything in the world as we experience it is impermanent, constant flux -All reality is in motion- wise person expects change, accepts it and even embraces it Lack of permanent identity/self -Anatman-no permanent identity/self -Each person changing and comprised of parts that are constantly changing- quite rational, eliminates surprise at changes Exsistence of suffering -Dukkha/Duhkha- ‘suffering’ ‘sorrow’ ‘dissatisfaction’ -Life, when lived conventionally, can never be fully satisfying because The Dharma Dharma- teaching or truth concerning the ultimate nature of things Four Noble Truths: -Dukkha-life means suffering -Trsna(desire)- the origin of suffering is attachment, clinging, desire -Nirvana- the cessation of suffering is attainable -eightfold path- the path to the cessation of suffering is achievable by following the Noble eightfold The Noble Eightfold Path: 1.Right Understanding 2.Right Intention 3.Right Speech 4.Right Action 5.Right Livelihood 6.Right Effort 7.Right Mindfulness 8.Right Concentration Life of the Buddha cont’d -Order of disciples- sangha (community, association) -Three Refugees of Buddhism: ‘I take refuge in the Bussha, in the Dharma (teachings) an
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