Formal control of institutions Reproducing Order Self discipline:
Schools; jails; hospitals Control through ridicule,
desire for status
Functionalist: people in prison deserve it
Conflict: result of p… something
Making Normal: Making Order
Role selection & performance Cultural values and norms social institutions socialization …
Inequality in social institutions contradicts values – gender inequality, etc.
Role distancing/role exit role expectations Role performance role strain/role conflict/role
ambiguity -- resistance tactics
The fine line between being a “con lover” or a “hard ass” as a prison guard – wearing make-up makes
you a con lover.
(As a female prison guard)
Lack of social solidarity
o No cohesion to manage stressors
Gendered social networks
o Drinking; baseball teams; shooting competitions
Self-fulfilling prophecy: false beliefs
Strategies of Impression Management
Role expectation: script and form - You think twice about what you wear
Role performance: loss of self
o Disconnect between I and me – What’s expected of you (the me) overwhelms the I
Role strain: resistance tactics
o Uniform – Shaping a boxy shirt with safety pins, etc.
o Shift switching – To not carry a weapon
Non Verbal Communication
Site of social interaction
o Site of resistance Respect of defy authority through body language; eye contact
o E.g. late for work; lose keys – You’re not like “I’m early, Imma get a coffee.” But it’s hard
to get up for work or get dressed on time.
Strategies relative for social power
On le bus – hot guy gets on and you move your bag off the seat. Mumbling guy gets on and you put the
Meaning of Touch
Depends on context and setting – If you’re sad about your exam mark, the prof won’t hug you
Case study: women in crisis
o Supportive touch as therapeutic strategy – women who self-harm, when they are placed
in segregation it gets worse. (The logic was to punish bad behaviour – why reward
someone who bangs their head against the wall?). They realized this didn’t work and
gave them supportive touch (holding their hand, etc) and put them with other people.
Promoted inmate interaction – The same logic that applied when the prof felt disconnected from
her coworkers. Felt it supported