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Lecture 3

Social Psychology - Week 3.docx

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Western University
Sociology 2234E
Charles Levine

Social Psychology: Lecture Two - if sociology or psychology is only concerned with some ideal notion of human being or human action or social structure without person – then we don’t have a discipline that listens to context and what we say - to be a social scientists – you need to look at all 4 boxes of nominalism/realism chart – pay attention to all cells to listen to people’s voices  one side values individuals, one side values society – that’s why there is the barrier History Cont’d Comte  - could realized rationality/reason do effect our behaviour - attributed his intelligence to genetics – not to his wilfulness - Comte’s view of social change: o society evolves – doesn’t develop – development has a human intention involved – believes society evolves – believes it is a natural process – we are ruled out as fabrications of social change - Law of 3 stages o society, history of all knowledge and the biography of human beings all go through 3 stages of evolution  theological  metaphysical  positivistic o 3 stages represent 3 dominant social types o problem  he ignored = humans go through 3 stages, if Comte has realized social structure can interfere with human potential  he didn’t because it suggested society can do bad things to is – if he had, he would have had to cross the barrier Durkheim  - links to changes in social structure - isn’t attending to the inner states, comparing states of the world to rates of things - silence the motive s of people – essentially undermine the person - ethical/descriptive realism - most important thing is social solidarity – if we don’t have it, we will have chaos – human nature is animalistic - book called moral education – morality is society maintaining its own integrity – telling you what is right - morality is conventional – simply understanding norms/rule/values of the social - if you are conditioned properly social solidarity is maintained and the system continues to work - SOCIAL FACTS – what he studies – ways of acting/thinking and feeling that are external to individuals  can be external if the social teaches it to you and have the constraint over you - social fact exerts itself against you because you transgressed - we’re most often unaware of the social facts around us – we are the pawns of social solidarity - evolution o function of increasing population density – society evolves because population density increases – as it increases, division of labour becomes increasingly complex o division of labour for Durkheim is source of individuality  if it was simple no individual, individuality has been created by social evolution o attempt to study society from a realist point of view  everything is a function of the study of society  social facts = social facts Marx  - descriptive/ethical realist and ethical nominalist  blurred the line (germinated) - wanted to destroy capitalist order - encouraged us to overthrow ownership – appalled at private proper property – was a concrete way of excluding the other - profit determines respect for the other - Theory of Social Change o social change – evolutionary and developmental perspective o 7 stage theory of evolution o different ways in which society organizes in relation to property o people don’t revolt for nothing – they revolt for reasons which has to do with the notion that something is unjust o developmental notion  human motivation matters o have to understand the reasons to understand society - alienation is a state in which persons create things, forget they are the creators and allow the things to oppose u s  we begin and forget quickly that we are in charge - nominalist possibility that you refuse to take responsibilities for your own actions  false consciousness – you initiate and allow yourself to do something - a social change continues we enter a phase in social life in which alienation will no longer occur (destruction of private property) – we will be able to celebrate the communism relationship  relationship with person and nature are all non-exploitive - we are on the
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