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Social Physchology - Jan10Social Psychology Week 9.docx

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Sociology 2234E
Charles Levine

Lecture 9 - reconstructive knowledge – this theory claims to define an adequate end point to moral development o claims stage 6 is “as moral as you can get” o most adequately morally and psychologically o complementary ideas but adequately complete - stage 6 – requires willfulness on our part - if most adequate then we can understand developmental progress toward it (it already has an end point) - when we talk about morality we are talking about confirming dilemma- it doesn’t exist outside the dilemma - the moral only exists when we have to think about what the right/appropriate should be - problem: it has to balance justice and care [concerns] Justice - a measure of fairness  what is fairness - add responsibility to be fair - golden rule – treat people how you want to be treated  inadequate because it creates its own dilemma/unknown - may have developmentally different definitions - before fairness talk about – distributive  reciprocity (implies some exchanges should be proper, values equalized), retributive  relate to fairness, struggling to be just is also struggling to be fair Care - concerns for the needs of others/being sensitive to needs - helping people - feeling responsible for needs of others - possible to be caring an unjust - care and justice can slide into one another – they mix - stages are attempt to make sense of a complementary relationship between justice and care Sheet - pre-norms and morality (obeying norms/fulfilling desires) - conventional – reasoning of various ways to understand relationships with others and social world - post – how we understand relationships when we have to norm norms - PRINCIPLE – maximum that allows/gives one direction about norming norms (creating them/naming what the relationships should be between norms) o enables you to appropriately norm norms Stage 1 - motive = avoid punishment and obey rules - take a norm and articulate a simple norm based on that activity; thinks that the moral has been achieved with this type of logic - close to Piaget – heteronomy - presumption that they know the norm and proceeds - obligation based on motivation  sometimes doesn’t even noticed there is a dilemma Stage 2 - an exchange process can’t work - getting what you want through exchanges - moral = if it gets you what you want - satisfaction of one’s own desires and occasionally the needs of others - norm, reciprocity, exchange - if you can get it, then get it - ability to articulate what seems to be care - moves to stage 3 – invest in moral – instead of moral being get what you want, it is defined by the morals of a good relationship Stage 3 - involved with others = obligations, norms of relationship inform the moral - world divided into good people and bad people - intentionality – good intentionality/people – Golden Rule - assumes they agree with your definition of good Stage 4 - thinks about people who fulfill their duties (social positions) and obligations - these social obligations take precedence over private relationships Stage 5 - postconventional  ones relationship to norms changes – in context to dilemma – a stage 5 reason notices that norms have to be norms - person senses themselves stepping outside to order something in the social - outside position looking in - decides which norms/obligations should be changed - an autonomy that’s recognized - can understand that fairness/justice involves uncoerced contracts with others – not defined by law, but defined by consent of consenting parties – the law reinforces these obligations - rank order what it considers to be relevant values/norms in a dilemma and make a choice based off this rank - fair contracts, decisions based on rank of ordering values - monological reasoning opposed to dialogical reasoning/solution - moral adds fair contracts - assumes that persons are [moral] o it’s a given - developmental change is not relevant to moral reasoning - persons are formative – have to move to 6 Social Perspective Level - changes in conception of social world and person - moral reasoning somehow tied to conceptions - S1 – your own - S2 – can include other people to interact/exchange with - S3 – relationship to relationships - S4 – relationships to abstract notion of system and to others persons - S5 – contracts View of Persons - S1 – irrelevant to moral reasoning - S2 – concerned with norms and getting what they want - S3 – concerned with norms and getting what they want and good in the eyes of others - S4 - concerned with norms and getting what they want and good in the eyes of others and social person/ citizen - S5 - ? These understandings are cumulative and integrated; s
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