Subject vs Object
Subject: A person engaged in willful action, acting in the world.
Object: A thing that is “acted upon” usually inanimate.
You can treat a subject as an object: Objectification
Objectification and invisibility – do not allow us to act freely in the world
“Is it liberating or oppressing to be objectified?”
⁃ Sometimes objectification can cause invisibility
⁃ Example: Prison or Slavery.
Puzzle of Intersubjectivity
How is it possible that we can understand each other at all? - We have a common
understanding of symbols.
Symbols do not exist on their own.
Herbert Blumer – American Sociologist introduced symbolic interaction
Symbol: Something that stands for something else. It has to have a shared meaning.
Language is an example of a symbol Words represent something other than themselves.
They have a shared meaning to both the person who uses them and the person who hears
them. Language allows us to understand each other. It is also important to note a majority
of communication is also nonverbal. We are able to understand actions as they also have
a shared meaning.
Non distorted Communication.
⁃ Jurgen Habermas: introduced non-distorted communication
⁃ It is a goal.
⁃ You want to minimize filtering
⁃ Moving toward a clear understanding of each other.
⁃ A trait that sets humans aside from all other living things
⁃ Makes society possible
⁃ Allows us to imagine the consequences of our actions ⁃ Think before we act
⁃ This ability allows us to