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Unit 8: Understanding the Self

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Western University
Sociology 2234E
Brendan Murphy

Unit 8 Understanding the SelfTheory on the Development of the Selfseeing ourselves as an entity separate from others with the A awareness of consciousness dimensions of time pastpresent etc 1 Pre sociological views of the selfy Earliest views of the self were tied into theology y We have soulsborn with a soul that already has an innate concept of selfchild will be acting out Gods wishes y Inhabited by spirits good or evil at different parts of our lives y The self has been hijacked by the forces of evil y The phrase what has gotten into yourefers to demonic forces 2 William James subjectobject conception the knower and the knowny When we use the word I we are talking about ourselves as a subject when using the word me we are referring ourselves as an object y We need to recognize that the world always exists with this kind of dualism the knower I and the known me y Makes us particularly unique in terms of social animals 3 John Deweys social interaction and the mindy The role that interaction plays y We discover who we areknow who we are through interactions with others y More profound influence of who we are comes from the family when younger and with peers in adolescence y We are always a work in progressconceptions of the self are always changing the things that happen to you shape who you are y Our mind is only make possible through social interactionindividuals who are profoundly mentally challenged are mindless only in terms of sociology y When we do interact it shapes ushumans are the products of the interactions we have had since birth 4 Charles Horton Cooleys looking glass selfy Because of the interactions we have and our awareness of others we engage in the process of imagining y We imagine how we appear to othersconstantly aware that we are projecting an image of ourselves 1 How we are perceived by others 2 How we imagine how others are judging us 3 How we respond to those imagined y Not that people are actually judging you but it is how you imagine others are judging you that has an effect on how you respond y In terms of the concept of self people are so aware of the presence of others that we imagine how others are viewingjudging us and we respond accordingly to that 5 George Herbert Meads development of the selfa The I and the Mey Two phases of the same self y A kind of internal conversationsimilar to the angel and devil on your shoulders y I spontaneous impulse of the selfcreative phase concerning with your own desires y Me the socialized dimension of the selfconforming phase concerned with others the phase we are in most of the time b Role taking y The self does not exist when the child is bornan emergent process
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