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Unit 22 - Health and Illness

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Sociology 2234E
Brendan Murphy

Unit 22 Health and IllnessStress Health and IllnessStress and Human HealthStress is defined as o The bodys physiological response to threatening events regardless of the source of the threato The degree to which people have to change and readjust their lives in response to an external event Perceived Stress and HealthLazarus 1996 argues that it is subjective stress not objective stress that causes problems o Therefore an event is stressful for people only if they interpret it as stressfulLazarus and Folkman 1984 defined stress as the negative feelings and beliefs which occur whenever people feel unable to cope with the demands of their environmentStressthe Good and the BadThe stress response is the bodys way of protecting youWhen working properly it helps you stay focused energetic and alertIn emergency situations stress can save your lifegiving you extra strength to defend yourself or spurring you to slam on the brakes to avoid an accident But beyond a certain point stress stops being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health and your quality of lifeLongterm exposure to stress can lead to serious health problemsStress Warning Signs and SymptomsPhysical symptomso Cold o Influenza o Headaches o Sleep disturbance o Being unable to slow downPsychological symptoms o Anxietyo Depression o Hopelessness o Memory Problems o Lack of concentration Behavioural Symptoms o Excessive drinking o Over eating o Talking to friends of family o Seeking humoro Drug use o Increased consumption of coffee cigarettes if you already use themCharacteristics of StressorsCataclysmic Phenomena environmental or manmade events of extreme magnitude including floods hurricanes volcanic explosions airplane crashes terrorist attacks and war
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