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Lecture

2013-09-23 Power and Class lecture.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2239
Professor
Young- Hwa Hong
Semester
Fall

Description
September 23, 13 Power and Class - Terms o Class o Power/Structure of domination o Neoliberalism  Marxist this week  Foucault next week - Corporate concentration o Concentration of ownership and wealth - Film: Canadian mining companies in LatinAmerica Class (K. Marx) - “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeymen, in a word, oppressor and the oppressed … Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinctive feature: If have simplified class anatagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other – Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.” In Communist Manifesto. (Marx 1983, p. 203-4) o Marx, first to discuss patterned social inequality o Bourgeoisie: control means of production o Proletariat: only resource is selling own labour power  Not everyone fits in the dichotomy • Middle class & well educated: Doctors, lawyers, managers – high wages to accumulate wealth - Class concepts are relational - one defined by another Class (Grabb & Guppy 2009, p. 3-7) 1. Classes exist primarily as categories of people and need not be defined as real groups 2. Classes are not merely equivalent to strata - Use factors to determine class status categories ex. Occupation, education level 3. Classes are both structural categories and sets of people - Not individual choice - It is people who make these social structures o People interact with each other based on class locations and participate in the unequal social structure  Importance of human agency 4. Classes are not just economic categories, but are determined politically and ideologically - Marx: Entire superstructure is determined by our economic based (Mode of production and relations of production) o Economic determinism – ignoring other parts of human society - Embrace other spheres: politics and ideological institutions (education, family, media) 5. For the current state of capitalist development, it is reasonable to use the term middle class - Middle class have a contradictory position compared to those above and below them Power (Grabb & Guppy 2009, p. 8-11) Power: differential capacity to command resources and thereby to control social situations 1. Economic: command over material and productive resources 2. Political: control over people and their conduct - Laws or policies created by the state - Use of police of military force - i.e. CIDA partnership with mining companies; o Canadian international development agency?  Tax payer’s money is used for a private company’s profit - SSHRC funding research on business plans o Private company’s using tax money 3. Ideological: control of ideas, knowledge, information - Ideology:
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